Community Crime Prevention Strategies

Powerful Essays
Topics: Crime, Criminology
Do community safety, crime prevention; crime reduction initiatives help all victims? Choose specific types of CS – police led, management of offenders, crime prevention as focus.

The Home Office delineates community safety as, “An aspect of quality of life in which people, individually and collectively, are protected as far as possible from hazards or threats that result from the criminal or anti-social behaviour of others and are equipped or helped to cope with those they do experience” (Home Office: 1998) The fear of crime can impact us in a major way on how we feel about our community. “Localised action against crime” also know as community safety, crime prevention or crime reduction; is often practiced by police officers and authority workers e.g. Probation workers, housing officers etc. Community safety focuses on introducing physical and social changes to local communities to enforce balance and prevent crime and disorder from taking place. There are three ways of classifying crime prevention, primary secondary and tertiary prevention. Primary prevention targets the general population to prevent crime from happening before it has happens. Secondary prevention targets the population that is most at risk, where Tertiary prevention focuses on the individual; Often a known offender (Newburn, 2007:566)

The aim of community safety is to allow local residents to be able to live their lives freely, yet still feel comfortable and protected in their area by local authorities. All citizens should be able to live without interruption or fear that may come from crime and disorder. In some ways community safety can be hard to define, as various communities have different ways of carrying out the service. In some communities citizens have a say in what issues they feel need to be addressed and prioritized for action in their community; and in others they don’t. So where some issues may be of relevance in one community, it won’t be of relevance in another. Most importantly



Bibliography: Anon. (2012). high risk offenders. Available: http://www.highland.gov.uk/healthandsocialcare/criminaljusticeservices/highriskoffenders.htm. Last accessed 5th jan 2013. Anon. (2012). Left realism and crime. Available: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/left_realism_crime.htm. Last accessed 6th Jan 2013. James Bonta. (2011). Addressing the Needs of Offenders. Available: http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/res/cor/sum/cprs201103-eng.aspx. Last accessed 9th Jan 2013. Mike Maguire, Rod Morgan and Robert reiner (2007). The oxford handbook of criminology . New York: Oxford University Press. p1-88. Rob Canton (2011). Probbtion - working with offender. New York: Routledge . p 5. p47-78. Tim Newburn (2007). Criminology. Devon : Willian Publishing . p112-714. Usman Ahmad Karofi• and Jason Mwanza**. (2006). globalisation and crime. Available: http://www.bangladeshsociology.org/BEJS%203.1%20%20Karofi.pdf. Last accessed 6th Jan 2013.

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