Community Assessment

Topics: United States Census, United States Census Bureau, Emergency management Pages: 24 (4355 words) Published: December 6, 2013


Community Health Nursing
Community Assessment for Lake County

Community Description and Data Interpretation
Lake County, Illinois is located on the shore of Lake Michigan and borders the state of Wisconsin, sitting in the northeast corner of the state of Illinois. Established March 1, 1839, Lake County consists of fifty-three villages, cities and townships. I have lived in Vernon Hills, one of the villages located in Lake County since 2005. Lake County is considered part of the Chicago, Illinois metropolitan area also referred to as the Chicagoland Area. Lake County is located north of and adjacent to Cook County, Illinois. According to the 2000 census, Lake County was the 31st richest county by per capita income. (Wikipedia, 2013) There are many affluent communities that are located in Lake County, including Lake Forrest, Lake Bluff and Highland Park which are all on the shore of Lake Michigan and referred to as the North Shore. According to 2012 census data, the population of Lake County was 703,462, which is an increase of 9.2% compared to the 2000 census data. (Wikipedia, 2013) Headquartered in Lake County are many major medical device and pharmaceutical manufacturers such as Abbot Healthcare, Baxter Healthcare, Medline Industries, Astellas Pharmaceuticals and Takeda Pharmaceuticals which attributes to the growth and diversity of this county. Additionally, the Naval Station Great Lakes which is the Navy’s only training center for recruits is located in Lake County in the town of North Chicago. Additional major revenue sources for Lake County are the Six Flags Great America amusement park which is open approximately eight months per year and the many indoor water parks that are open year round. While a significant portion of the population that reside in Lake County also work in Lake County, a sizeable percent of Lake County’s population commute to Chicago for work. Conversely, due to the businesses located in Lake County, there are many people who reside in Cook County who commutes for work in Lake County. This is very evident based upon the number of people both riding trains and driving daily from Lake County to Cook County for work and vice versa. Population/Economic Assessment

The demographics of Lake County show a significant increase in population and change from 2000 to 2010. While the Caucasian (White) population is only up by 2% it is still the predominate population of Lake County. The Asian and Latino populations have both increased 77% and 51% respectively. The Latino population accounts for 20.5% of Lake County’s population. (Quick Facts, 2013) The African American population has increased 10% from 2000 to 2010. Lake County demographics are reflective of the changes occurring nationwide as diversity continues to change the landscape of American. (LakeCounty.gov, 2013) There is an equivalent proportion of male to female living in Lake County with 50.1% of the population being female and 49.9% of the population being male. County Demographic Profile form the US Census Bureau Decennial Census and American Community Survey   

1990 Census
2000 Census
2010 Census
Change 2000 to 2010
Percent Change 2000 to 2010
Total Population
516,418
644,599
703,462
58,863
9%
White Population*
450,666
516,189
528,204
12,015
2%
African American Population*
34,771
44,741
49,033
4,292
10%
Asian Population*
12,363
25,103
44,358
19,255
77%
Latino Population (any race) 
38,570
92,716
139,987
47,271
51%
Median Age
31.6
33.8
36.7
2.9
9%
Number of Households
173,966
216,297
241,712
25,415
12%
Average Household Size
2.88
2.85
2.82
-0.03
-1%
Median Household Income (not adjusted to current dollars)
$46,047
$66,973
$78,423^
NA
NA
Number of Housing Units
183,283
226,012
260,310
34,298
15%
Source: US Census Bureau - 1990, 2000 and 2010 Decennial Census *Reporting only one race  ^2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates...

References: 1. (2013). Lake County, Illinois. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_County,_Illinois.
2. (2013). State and County QuickFacts – Lake County, Illinois. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/17/17097.html.
3. (2013). County Demographic Overview. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://www.lakecountyil.gov/planning/planningandsupportservices/Pages/countydemographics.aspx.
4. Hargreaves, S. (2013). 15% of Americans Living in Poverty. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://money.cnn.com/2013/09/17/news/economy/poverty-income/.
5. Castellanos, L., Duggan, P., and Williams, J. (2010). Homeless Counts in Lake County. Retrieved November 24, 2010 from http://www.lakecountyil.gov/Planning/CommunityDevelopment/Documents/Informational/2010_Homelessness_Counts_LC.pdf.
6. (2013). County-by-County Review of SNAP/Food Stamp Participation. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://frac.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/ny_times_snap_poverty_formatted.pdf.
7. (2013). SSI Recipients by State and County, 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_sc/2011/ssi_sc11.pdf.
8. (2013). Advanced Search – Search all data in American FactFinder. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk.
9. (2013). Lake County, Illinois (IL) Religion Statistics Profile - Waukegan, North Chicago, Highland Park, Mundelein, Gurnee. Retrieved November 24, 2013 from http://www.city-data.com/county/religion/Lake-County-IL.html.
10. (2013). Mobilizing for Planning through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP). Retrieved on November 27, 2013 from http://health.lakecountyil.gov/Population/Pages/MAPP-Project.aspx.
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