Community Agency Program Proposal
Megan R. Carter
Texas Woman’s University
Table of Contents
1. Overview of Population
2. Review of Literature
3. Review of Existing Programs
4. Program Goals and Why
Community Agency Program Proposal
With 1800 inmates leaving prison everyday it stands to reason that reentry programs would be vital to their success. The transition back into society can be a difficult one for the prisoners as well as their families. Many released inmates will struggle with substance abuse, lack of education, job skills and work history. My proposal is a facility with career counselors, vocational trainers, and social workers to help felons successfully reintegrate into society.
Almost 95% of inmates are released directly back into the community not transitional housing (MDRC.org, 2013). Nearly 60% of prison inmates currently incarcerated in California are for parole violations not committing new crimes (Carson & Sabol, 2012 and MDRC.org, 2013). I think that it is important to provide support for those exiting the system in the hopes of curbing recidivism and parole violations. This would cut back on the number of incarcerated individuals in any given state. Over 50% of paroled inmates will return to prison within three years. This is true, in part, because of a rocky transition back into mainstream society. Some of these obstacles include returning to impoverished neighborhoods, lack of sustainable employment, and having a poor social support system (Pager & Western, 2009). Prospective employers remain reluctant to hire convicted felons even though several states provide tax credits to companies that hire these individuals. If these released men and women were provided with transitional services it might be possible to alleviate some of the anxiety that surrounds the hiring of released inmates. When released individuals are able to reestablish ties to their families and community they are less likely to reoffend (MDRC.org, 2013). My proposed organization could not change law; in some states convicted felons are no longer able to vote or receive public assistance (MDRC.org, 2013). It would be able to help make more fluid transitions for the 700,000 prisoners being released every year. Review of Literature
Blumstein and Nakamura (2009) as well as Ritter (2010) outlined the timeline of redemption for three typed of crimes. Redemption for the purposes of this article was the amount of time it would take for the individual to reach the same probability of committing the crime as the general population. It was found that the younger a person is the first time they are arrested the longer it will take for them to be redeemed. Someone who was arrested for robbery at eighteen was only as likely to recommit that crime as the general population after 7.7 years. Someone who was arrested at seventeen would not be redeemed until 8.7 years. Robbery took the longest amount of time for redemption. Aggravated assault was redeemed after 4.3 years when the individual was first arrested at age eighteen. Burglary was redeemed after 3.8 years for the same aged individual. The older someone was arrested for the first time made the redemption time exponentially smaller.
Solomon (2012) showed us that the incarcerated population faces a unique set of challenges including: no definitive connection to mainstream society. Many suffer from substance dependence and mental health disorders. A vast majority does not have a high school diploma or equivalency and many were homeless and/or unemployed in the month prior to their arrest. With this unique set of, often overlapping, challenges comes the need for a unique approach to reentry. It has been confirmed that after a certain amount of time offenders become only as likely to recommit a crime as the general population. This, along with the nature of the...
References: Blumstein, A. & Nakamura, K. (2009). Redemption in an ear of widespread criminal background
Carson, E. A. & Sabol, W. J. (2012). Prisoners in 2011. Retrieved from the Bureau of Justice
Statistics website 2013, August 1.
Gladding, S. T. & Newsome, D. W. (2010). Clinical Mental Health Counseling in Community
and Agency Settings
Lynch, J. P. & Sabol, W. J. (2001). Prisoner reentry in perspective. Crime Policy Report, 3, 1-30.
Retrieved from: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410213_reentry.PDF
Pager, D. & Western, P. (2009). Investigating prisoner reentry: The impact of conviction status
on the employment prospects of young men
Ritter, N. (2010). Employing ex-offenders: Researchers develop method for computing
Please join StudyMode to read the full document