Communicative Competence refers to the ability of understanding, producing, and interpreting the different Communicative events taking into account not only their explicit sense (what it seems to be more immediate for us), but also its implications; Linguistic Competence: it refers to the ability of producing utterances in an efficient way in all its grammatical levels. It is formed by these competences: lexical, grammatical, semantic, phonologic and orthographic competence. That is to say, what the speaker wants to say, what the listener wants to understand, their relationship, the social context, etc. Therefore, communicative competence has to do with the social, cultural, and psychological rules that determine the use of a particular language in a particular situation. The Communicative Approach in language learning is based on the idea that the goal of language acquisition is communicative competence. Hymes says that being able to communicate, doesn't only require grammatical and linguistic competence but also communicative competence, in other words: knowing when and how to say what to whom. To be able to speak in a foreign language the student needs to have knowledge of linguistic forms, meanings and functions. There are two concepts in communication competence: effectiveness and appropriateness. Effectiveness refers to one’s ability to produce the intended effects or goal through interaction and Appropriateness In a manner that maintains the relationship on terms acceptable to those involved. The goal of language instruction is the development of implicit knowledge. If teachers make their students to focus mainly on language form they won’t never be able to communicate effectively. The only place where learning occurs is inside learner’s minds, so teachers cannot just direct that learning. In footing we can have conversations and when we change the conversation or the topic is where the footing is applying. Is the interaction and analysis face to
Sir Tanveer Ahmad
Institute of Southern Punjab
COMPETENCE: Ability to satisfy complex demands.
COMMUNICATION: Communication is commonly deﬁned as "the interchange….
Communicative competence is a term in linguistics which refers to a language user's grammatical knowledge of syntax, morphology, phonology and the like, as well as social knowledge about how and when to use utterances appropriately. The notion of communicative competence is one of the theories that underlies the communicative approach to foreign language teaching.
Pragmatic Competence refers to the ability to use language appropriately in different….
This paper is theoretical. One connotation of "theoretical" is "programatic"; a related connotation is that one knows too little about the subject to say something practical. Both connotations apply to this attempt to contribute to the study of the "language problems of disadvantaged children". Practical work, however, must have an eye on the current state of theory, for it can be guided or misguided, encouraged or discouraged, by what it takes….
2. The notion of communicative competence, origins, communicative competence vs. linguistic competence, components of communicative competence
Communicative competence – the ability to understand and use language effectively to communicate in authentic social and school environments. The idea was originally derived from Chomsky’s distinction between competence (shared knowledge of ideal speaker-listener set in a completely homogenous speech community) and performance (process of applying underlying….
The concept was introduced by the sociolinguist Dell Hymes as a response to the perceived limitations in Chomsky’s competence/performance model of language.
It was also a reaction against Chomsky’s overemphasis on linguistic competence.
Hymes defined cc as that aspect of our competence that enables us to convey and interpret messages and to negotiate meaning interpersonally within specific contexts. or
Knowledge that enables a person to communicate functionally….
What is Communicative Competence?
The ability to interpret messages and negotiate meaning within specific contexts.
An interpersonal construct examined by means of overt performance of two or more people in the process of communication.
James Cummins (1980)
Cognitive/Academic Language Proficiency
* Surface features of language
* Focus on form
* Used for classroom exercises
* Communicative capacity of language….
On Developing Students' Communicative Competence
Lou Ruijuan Most Chinese students, especially those with low foreign language levels, are used to memorizing the language but reluctant to speak in the target language. They may be familiar with the sentence patterns but do not know how to start and end a conversation and how to express themselves in a particular situation. So it is a main task for a teacher to develop students' communicative competence. I. Obstacles in Communication While it is difficult….
relating to the structure of the language. (Walter de Gruyter). Communicative competence is a subset of functional grammar and its approach in teaching will allow students to learn grammar through meaningful communication.
Communicative competence is a speaker 's internalized knowledge, both of the grammar rules of a language and the rules for appropriate uses in social contexts (Dictionary.com). This takes in the four competence areas, which gives a language learner in progress, the ability to….
English in India
Officially English has a status of assistant language, but in fact it is the most important language of India. After Hindi it is the most commonly spoken language in India and probably the most read and written language in India. Indians who know English will always try to show that they know English. English symbolizes in Indians minds, better education, better culture and higher intellect. Indians who know English often mingle it with Indian languages in their conversations….
Communicative Competence and English as an International Language
Language is used for expressing our thoughts , and for verbal thinking, problem-solving, and creative writing, but it is used essentially for communication. What makes it difficult to grasp the language user’s systems of representation for communication with others is the fact that the capability of individuals to interact with others through language is a unique quality and at the same time a universal human quality. The successful….