What is Communicative Competence?
The ability to interpret messages and negotiate meaning within specific contexts.
An interpersonal construct examined by means of overt performance of two or more people in the process of communication.
James Cummins (1980)
Cognitive/Academic Language Proficiency
Context Reduced * Surface features of language * Focus on form * Used for classroom exercises * Communicative capacity of language * Focus on meaning * Used for daily interpersonal exchanges
Basic Interpersonal Communicative Skills
Canale & Swain
Grammatical Competence * Lexical items * Morphology * Syntax * Semantics * Phonology
Strategic Competence * Sociocultural rules * Understanding social context
Verbal/nonverbal strategies to compensate for breakdowns due to performance variables or insufficient competence * Ability of connecting sentences * Intersentential Relationships
Locutionaryact: Performance of an utterance
“It’s cold in here.”
Illocutionary act: Intended meaning
[The windows is open. So I should close it.]
Perlocutionary act: Consequences of the utterance (whether intended or not)
[Someone closes the window.] * Dialect * Register * Naturalness * Cultural References * Vocabulary * Morphology * Syntax * Phonology * Graphology
Textual (Discourse) Competence
Illocutionary Competence * Manipulative Functions * Heuristic Functions * Imaginative Functions * Cohesion * Rehtorical Organization
Knowledge Structures (of the world)