April 22, 2013
A communicable disease is an infectious disease transmitted from one person to another directly or indirectly. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV and nearly one in five of those are not aware that they are infected (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection that slowly destroys the immune system, which makes it difficult for the body to fight off infections. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a communicable disease transmitted through, semen, blood, vaginal secretions, and breast milk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers guidance in helping control the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) outbreak by working in conjunction with international, national, state, and community colleagues in research, observation, education, and prevention activities. The efforts to help control the spread of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) includes increasing prevention in communities where it is greatly affected, educating the public on the risk and how to prevent the spread of the disease (Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention) When identify the environmental factors relating to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has been researched and the most relevant findings states that not receiving family support is the most sought out environmental aspect. Other environmental factors include the lack of public services and assistance, proper medical services and discrimination against those affected with the virus (Nichols, Tchounwoa, & Mena, 2009). The influences of lifestyle and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are based on how an individual decides to live his or her life. Intravenous drug users who share...
References: Nichols, L., Tchounwoa, P. B., Mena, L. & Sarpong, D. (2009, July). The effects of environmental factors on persons living with HIV/AIDS. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 6(7)(), 2041-2054. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2738897/
U.S Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://hab.hrsa.gov/abouthab/aboutprogram.html
Today’s HIV/AIDS Epidemic. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/HIVFactSheets/TodaysEpidemic-508.pdf
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