Commonwealth Act

Topics: Philippines, Nationality law, Filipino language Pages: 8 (2816 words) Published: September 9, 2013
COMMONWEALTH ACT No. 473
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE ACQUISITION OF PHILIPPINE CITIZENSHIP BY NATURALIZATION, AND TO REPEAL ACTS NUMBERED TWENTY-NINE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-SEVEN AND THIRTY-FOUR HUNDRED AND FORTY-EIGHT. Be it enacted by the National Assembly of the Philippines:

Section 1. Title of Act. – This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Revised Naturalization Law." Section 2. Qualifications. – Subject to section four of this Act, any person having the following qualifications may become a citizen of the Philippines by naturalization: First. He must be not less than twenty-one years of age on the day of the hearing of the petition; Second. He must have resided in the Philippines for a continuous period of not less than ten years; Third. He must be of good moral character and believes in the principles underlying the Philippine Constitution, and must have conducted himself in a proper and irreproachable manner during the entire period of his residence in the Philippines in his relation with the constituted government as well as with the community in which he is living. Fourth. He must own real estate in the Philippines worth not less than five thousand pesos, Philippine currency, or must have some known lucrative trade, profession, or lawful occupation; Fifth. He must be able to speak and write English or Spanish and any one of the principal Philippine languages; and Sixth. He must have enrolled his minor children of school age, in any of the public schools or private schools recognized by the Office of Private Education1 of the Philippines, where the Philippine history, government and civics are taught or prescribed as part of the school curriculum, during the entire period of the residence in the Philippines required of him prior to the hearing of his petition for naturalization as Philippine citizen. Section 3. Special qualifications. The ten years of continuous residence required under the second condition of the last preceding section shall be understood as reduced to five years for any petitioner having any of the following qualifications: 1. Having honorably held office under the Government of the Philippines or under that of any of the provinces, cities, municipalities, or political subdivisions thereof; 2. Having established a new industry or introduced a useful invention in the Philippines; 3. Being married to a Filipino woman;

4. Having been engaged as a teacher in the Philippines in a public or recognized private school not established for the exclusive instruction of children of persons of a particular nationality or race, in any of the branches of education or industry for a period of not less than two years; 5. Having been born in the Philippines.

Section 4. Who are disqualified. - The following cannot be naturalized as Philippine citizens: a. Persons opposed to organized government or affiliated with any association or group of persons who uphold and teach doctrines opposing all organized governments; b. Persons defending or teaching the necessity or propriety of violence, personal assault, or assassination for the success and predominance of their ideas; c. Polygamists or believers in the practice of polygamy;

d. Persons convicted of crimes involving moral turpitude; e. Persons suffering from mental alienation or incurable contagious diseases; f. Persons who, during the period of their residence in the Philippines, have not mingled socially with the Filipinos, or who have not evinced a sincere desire to learn and embrace the customs, traditions, and ideals of the Filipinos; g. Citizens or subjects of nations with whom the United States 2and the Philippines are at war, during the period of such war; h. Citizens or subjects of a foreign country other than the United States 3whose laws do not grant Filipinos the right to become naturalized citizens or subjects thereof. Section 5. Declaration of intention. – One year prior to the filing of his petition for...
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