Common Hazards

Good Essays
Common types of hazards

Use these notes to help you identify and assess hazards that might occur in your workplace.

Chemical hazards
Chemicals can affect the skin by contact or the body either through the digestive system or through the lungs if air is contaminated with chemicals, vapour, mist or dust. There can be an acute (immediate) effect, or a chronic (medium to long-term) effect from the accumulation of chemicals or substances in or on the body.

Noise hazards
Excessive noise can disrupt concentration, interfere with communication, and result in loss of hearing. High impact noises are particularly damaging. Noise can also mask out signals, affecting communication or danger warnings.

Radiation hazards
Equipment such as radioactive gauging devices or the radioactive trace element used in analytical chemistry produce Ionising radiation. Non-ionising radiation covers infrared radiation (heat-producing processes), lasers, ultraviolet radiation (welding, sunlight), and microwaves (high-frequency welders, freeze drying).

Electrical hazards
These include the risk of injury from all forms of electrical energy.

Lighting hazards
Inadequate lighting levels are a potential safety hazard. A common problem area is the reaction time needed for the eyes to adjust from a brightly lit to a darker environment — such as a forklift driver coming indoors from bright sunlight. Temporary lighting is often inadequate.

Vibration hazards
This includes whole-body vibration — for example, truck drivers, people standing on vibrating platforms, and operators of mobile equipment — and also more localised vibration effects from such equipment as hand tools, chainsaws, and pneumatic hammers.

Temperature hazards
Extremes of cold or heat can cause problems such as tiredness, vulnerability to infections or reduced capacity to work.

Biological hazards
These include insects, bacteria, fungi, plants, worms, animals and viruses. For example, poultry workers exposed to bird feathers and

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Health Hazards in Common Professions Introduction:- The world is a busy place. There are millions of people going to work every day. As a result, there has been a steady rise in the number of jobs, because new people join the global workforce each year. To ensure maximum productivity from the workforce, the health and safety of the working individuals is very important. To ensure complete safety, it is essential that we are acknowledged about the health hazards present in the certain field/profession…

    • 961 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Prepare now for future emergencies A checklist for you and your family Yahoo SHE - Being prepared makes a difference. Typhoon Yolanda swept through our country like a nightmare. Fatalities are expected to top 10,000 with thousands more who are sick and homeless. This is not the first natural disaster that has affected our nation, and it will surely not be the last. Due to climate change and global warming, natural calamities seem more frequent and more deadly. How can you prepare yourselves…

    • 422 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Hazard Of Moral Hazard

    • 2969 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The Hazard of Moral Hazard 09.01.09 - 12:00 AM | James K. Glassman When someone insures you against the consequences of a nasty event, oddly enough, he raises the incentives for you to behave in a way that will cause the event. So if your diamond ring is insured for $50,000, you are more likely to leave it out of the safe. Economists call this phenomenon “moral hazard,” and if you look around, you will see it everywhere. “With automobile collision insurance, for example, one is more likely to venture…

    • 2969 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    hazards

    • 331 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Nursery Hazard - A danger or risk Danger - The possibility of suffering harm or injury: "his life was in danger". A person or thing that is likely to cause harm or injury: "drought is a danger". Risk - A situation involving exposure to danger: "flouting the law was too much of a risk". Potential Hazards in a nursery could be: • Plugs that are not covered, Wires i.e. from a computer, radio, etc… This is a hazard because if the wire is exposed the child could touch it and be electrocuted. • Cleaning…

    • 331 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    hazards

    • 937 Words
    • 4 Pages

    of the earthquake (human and geographical), followed by the preparation and recovery of the disaster. Furthermore we look at how we could vastly improve the countries preparedness and ability to cope with this cataclysm. Nature of the natural hazard: On Tuesday, 12th January 2010, a powerful 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck southern Haiti. An estimated 3 million people were affected by the quake, approximately 222,570 people were killed, and more than 300,000 people were injured from the disaster…

    • 937 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Hazard

    • 682 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Compound Molecular Structure Molecular Weight (g/mol) Melting point (0C) Solubility Hazard Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) 98.079 10 Miscible in water Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant) Ammonium Bromide (NH4Br) 97.94 452 Soluble in water Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. 1-Butanol (C4H10O) 74.12 -89.8 Soluble in water. Very soluble in acetone, miscible with ethanol,…

    • 682 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    8.2.2.2. Hazard and cum hazard plotting http://itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/apr/section2/apr222.htm 8. Assessing Product Reliability 8.2. Assumptions/Prerequisites 8.2.2. How do you plot reliability data? 8.2.2.2. Hazard and cum hazard plotting Another kind of plotting, called Cum Hazard Plotting, has the same purpose as probability plotting Just commercial probability paper is available for most life distribution models for probability plotting of reliability data, there are also special…

    • 939 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    environmental hazards

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages

    wide variety of natural and human-induced hazards and disasters. Phenomena such as floods, extreme wind speeds, earthquakes, mudslides, droughts, wildfires, pest plagues, air and water pollution cause extensive losses to livelihoods and property, and claim many lives. This study attempts to bring to light disasters or hazards, there examples, as well draw attention to the challenges faced by the government of Zambia in controlling the disasters or hazards and Conclude with suggested possible solutions…

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Workplace Hazards

    • 390 Words
    • 2 Pages

    course is divided into two categories: ‘Services’ and ‘Safety and Emergency’. The Safety and Emergency training course is to ensure all cabin crew members are aware of the safety hazards on board, how to avoid any risks of health and safety hazards, and are well-trained to handle any emergency that might occur. Hazards cabin crew members may face include: Psychological - Sexual harassment: female flight attendants are a target for sexual harassment from passengers on board. This may cause stress…

    • 390 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Hazard Mitigation

    • 16819 Words
    • 68 Pages

    CHAPTER 7 HAZARD MITIGATION This chapter will explain what hazard mitigation is, and how it fits in with the other phases of emergency management. Next, the chapter will describe the most widely used mitigation strategies and the ways they are applied to the most common types of environmental hazards. The following section will describe the legal basis for hazard mitigation as it stands in the United States today. Problems in the adoption and implementation of mitigation policies will be described…

    • 16819 Words
    • 68 Pages
    Powerful Essays