Comfort and Promise: John 14

Topics: Jesus, Trinity, Gospel of John Pages: 10 (3830 words) Published: March 1, 2009
Jesus is the only way to Heaven, He is going to prepare a place for us, He will come back to take us to Heaven to be with Him; Jesus wants to comfort the disciples, and all people after them, He also wants to reassure them that whatever they ask from Him they will receive. John 14:1-15 is a passage of comfort, reassurance, and wonderful theological doctrine; John recalls Jesus telling His disciples not to worry about the future because He will provide for their needs and their future is secure in Him. The disciples still did not understand fully who Jesus is and they continue to ask questions about Heaven and God the Father, Jesus patiently answers their questions and in the process revealed His deity for everyone to see. Not only is Jesus revealing Himself to His disciples, but He is revealing Himself to all people of all time that He is the Son of God and the only way, truth, and life, and no one come to the Father except through Him. Jesus was not just the way for His disciples, He is the way for everyone, the promises that He makes to the disciples about preparing a place for them and doing great works do not exclusively apply to them, rather they also apply to everyone who trusts in Jesus as their Savior. Historical Context

It is widely agreed that the Gospel of John was written somewhere between A.D.80-95, this being the case the historical context of the gospel takes place in a post-destruction Jerusalem. After A.D. 70, the strength of many Jewish religious groups in Palestine was broken; the Pharisees began to take more leadership in religious matters, and their influence eventually became felt throughout Mediterranean in Jewish life. They engaged in conflicts with their main competition, the Jewish Christians, and even added a line to a standard prayer that cursed sectarians, among whom they included the Jewish Christians. John's opposition toward the Pharisees in his Gospel suggests that their opposition could somehow be related to the opponents his readers faced in their communities. “After the war of A.D. 70, many Jews in the Roman Empire wanted to distance themselves from sects emphasizing Messiahs, the kingdom and prophecy. Johannine Christians (John’s readers) had been made unwelcome by local synagogue authorities, treated as if their very Jewishness was held in question because they believed in Jesus as Messiah and kingdom-bringer. The Roman authorities were also suspicious of people who did not worship the emperor but were not Jewish. John writes his Gospel to encourage these Jewish Christians that their faith in Jesus is genuinely Jewish and that it is their opponents who have misrepresented biblical Judaism.”

John wrote to an audience who had been mistreated and abused by their government (the Roman Empire) as well as their religious leaders (the Pharisees). John showed the Christians as well as those interested in Jesus that God will not mistreat them. As it refers to the passage in chapter 14 John informed the readers that Jesus cares for them and that He is going to prepare a place for them in Heaven, He also said that He will come back to rescue them from the situations they are facing to take them home to be with Him. Literary Context

The Gospel of John is much different from the other gospels referred to as the synoptic gospels; almost ninety percent of John’s gospel is not presented in any other gospel. John’s purpose for writing was two-fold: evangelistic and apologetic; his gospel presents Jesus as the Savior of the word. “Reinforcing the evangelistic purpose is the fact that the word “believe” occurs approximately 100 times in the gospel (the synoptic use the term less than half as much).” John makes the case that Jesus not only claimed to be God, but He also proved Himself to be God and the only hope this world has. John wrote to convince the readers of the deity of Christ, his work is centered around 8 “signs” and 8 “I AM” statements to back up his claims, one...

Bibliography: Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1999.
Dobson, Edward G. King James Bible Commentary. Nashville: Thomas Nelson
Publishers, 1999.
Gangel, Kenneth O. Holman New Testament Commentary: John. Nashville:
Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000.
MacArthur, John. The MacArthur Study Bible, Revised and Updated ed.
Nashville: Nelson Bibles, 1997.
Towns, Elmer. The Gospel of John: Believe and Live. Chattanooga: AMG
Publishers, 2002.
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