Top-Rated Free Essay

Colonization of Africa

Good Essays
19th Century Colonization of Africa By the end of the 19th century Europe had colonized Africa. The only exceptions that didn’t get colonized were Liberia and Ethiopia because they were already independent themselves. The Europeans had many reason for why they wanted to colonize Africa. They were generally all political and economic reasons. It was easy for Europeans to colonize and take over Africa because slave trade had made the Europeans believe that Africans were inferior to them. This was in fact the justification for the Europeans to have such an imperialistic way of thinking. One motive for the Europeans to colonize Africa was the demand for raw materials. They wanted to use Africa as a method to guarantee their sources of raw materials. The reason being was because industrialization was growing rapidly and spreading throughout Europe; therefore there was now a competition for raw materials. Another motive was a need for markets. This motive was mostly given by the industrialists. They encouraged their government to colonize Africa so that they could protect markets for their industrial goods. Last but not least they wanted to civilize Africa because they felt Africans were not civilized. Europeans felt that trade and commerce in Africa was one of the main elements that would civilize Africa. This was something that was pushed to the government mainly by Christian mission societies and other advocates. Once Africa was colonized by the Europeans they learned economic activity in Africa was very diverse. A very positive thing about Africa was the Mineral Exploitation it had. Mineral Resources was definitely a plus for the economy. The large farms that took place in East and Southern Africa were owned by Europeans. For the most part the economies were dependent on mining, settler agriculture, or the small scale production of a single cash crop. All in all, the Europeans had various motives to colonize Africa. It was in there best interest especially because they were in a time where industrialization was rapidly growing. Once they did colonize Africa they learned it was very beneficial and the economies were doing good.

Works Cited:
Exploring Africa. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. <http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/students/curriculum/m9/activity4.php>.
"Europe & Africa in the 19th Century." West Chester University 's - On-line Web Courses. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. <http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his312/lectures/19thcent.htm>

Cited: Exploring Africa. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. &lt;http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/students/curriculum/m9/activity4.php&gt;. "Europe &amp; Africa in the 19th Century." West Chester University 's - On-line Web Courses. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. &lt;http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his312/lectures/19thcent.htm&gt;

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Colonization in Africa

    • 984 Words
    • 4 Pages

    European colonization effected Africa negatively, as it resulted in the continent being taken advantage of, people and resources exploited, and their economical standpoint being very low. By looking at Africa’s experience with the Berlin Conference and the effects it had, we can see how greatly the continent was negatively influenced. The Berlin Conference brought King Leopold II into Africa, but the world did not know that it would result in genocide of about 5,000 people in Sierra Leone. Continuing…

    • 984 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Colonization of Africa

    • 1536 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Conquests, colonization, the slave trade, and the spread of consumerist society have shaped and formed the grounds for which developing countries find themselves today. The countries of the developing world subjected to colonialism have been faced with a number of impediments throughout the years which have hindered social and economic growth, and laid the foundation which bred cultural conflict. Colonialism, however, too bought Western civilization and all its attractions to underdeveloped countries…

    • 1536 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    The European Colonization of Africa In the late 20th century Africa was forcefully conquered and colonized by Europe. The accounts of this horrific colonization are revealed in Adam Hochschild 's "King Leopold 's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa," which unveils the brutal nature of Belgium 's conquest and colonization of the central African country Congo. This conquest began with Belgian King Leopold II, who grew up with minimal expressions of love and affection…

    • 1927 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Africans were deprived of basic human rights in some regions and lost many of their cultural aspects, these characteristics were overridden by industrialization, more job opportunities, and improved political structure during the European colonization of Africa from late 19th to mid-20th century. In document 5, it states “when the whites came to our country, we had the land and they had the Bible; now we have the Bible and they have the land,” an African proverb regarding the Europeans. Through…

    • 369 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    because they are enemies forced to live together. That is what the European colonization caused. The Europeans decided that they wanted to colonize Africa because they saw profit in it. They did not even care about the natives. Colonization is when a country decides to populate an area of foreign land and have a government there without actually owning it. The Europeans colonized Africa for many reasons. They colonized Africa because they wanted the resources that were in the land such as salt and…

    • 283 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Colonization of Africa – An Unjustifiable Act Thomas Chou 9/27/12 Format A In today’s world, most African countries are struggling to keep up economically, politically, and socially compared to many other developing countries in the world. Countries such as North Sudan and South Sudan have just claimed freedom from each other, after fighting a long civil war along with genocide. Africa’s rich history is one of culture, tradition, and simplicity, but because of colonization of many regions…

    • 916 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    role geography played in the European colonization of Africa encouraged European efforts to control the massive continent of Arica. This document based question can be split up into three groups of documents: hindered, encouraged, and ignored efforts. The Europeans came together and created a conference called the Berlin Conference in 1884 in order for them to split Africa and prevent disputes (Document J). This encouraged the European efforts to colonize Africa because of the massive size of the continent…

    • 349 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Colonization on Africa has Pros and cons. The Pros are that the europeans got resources they didn't have and, got people to work for them. But the cons are that the africans have less resources and had a huge decrease in population. Europeans colonized Africa for a couple reasons. One reason they colonized Africa because they wanted to start a trade with people in Africa. This is because Europeans knew africa was loaded with good resources that Europeans don’t have. For example, gold, cocoa, bauxite…

    • 252 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Africa is a considered as being the most struggling continent of earth. It is a continent counting today 1.8 billion inhabitants. Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Southern Atlantic Ocean, the Northern Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea. It is full of natural resources. Africa is not developing as fast as it should. Why is that? Why is this big continent left behind with all potentials? What are its nations not doing right? Answering these question may require to look…

    • 947 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Globally, Africa is known as the broke and destitute continent it is portrayed as. However, has anyone ever considered what or who might have caused all of this? Throughout history, Europe has raped Africa of its natural resources, riches, people before and during colonisation but never held responsible for the current state Africa is in. European colonization is rarely taught about in school because apparently slavery is the only horrible thing that Europeans did and not how colonization severely…

    • 385 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays