AP US History
03 September 2014
The early American colonies are typically grouped as the South, the Middle, and New England. The Southern colonies included Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. The Middle colonies included New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. The New England colonies included Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Were these regions all considered one colonial society or three separate colonial societies?
Politically, the three regions were all technically democratic, but were run differently. The New England colonies were Theocratic, where the church controlled the government with town rule and meetings. The Middle colonies led a society based on separation of church and government. Small land and business owners ran the government through colonial legislatures. The Southern colonies were Oligarchic, where the wealthiest, elite settlers controlled the government.
Economically, the Southern society was based on plantations with single crops, consisting of mostly tobacco and rice. The slaves did most of the work for the large plantations. The Middle Colonies grew commercially dependent upon small farmers, craftsmen, and merchants, which were run by families and indentured servants. The New England colonies were based upon subsistence, with familyoperated farms and businesses. The economic differences in
these regions could’ve been caused by environmental diversity based on where the colony was established.
Socially, the three regions were quite different. The Middle colonies very diverse, with many languages, cultures, and religions. Religion played only a minor role in politics and the economy. Diverse traditions formed the foundations for the policies of this society. The people in this region lived in small, but spread out settlements. They had a twoclass system, with a middle ...
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