College LGBT Students Discrimination in Employment, Education and Community: Problems and Possible Solutions Alcantara, Ma. Romelie
The Seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan (2006) once said that “Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.” However, despite this and all of the actions done by the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) groups, gender discrimination is still visible in our country especially in the sectors of employment, education and society. It is evident in the recent years that the number of LGBTs in these sectors has been increasing and many of them have already experienced gender inequality. These result to different consequences in the life of LGBT individuals. That is why our study decided to focus on these three sectors. This paper will disclose facts about the stands and opinions of the concerned LGBTs that will help the government to see this problem and address to it immediately. We believe that the government should do actions to minimize, if not eliminate, the above-mentioned discrimination issue in the different sectors of the country because they are the most capable to do so.
Gender equality has always been an issue in the Philippines. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) are experiencing various kinds of discrimination in different sectors of society; however, the government is still not exerting much effort to solve this problem. That is because the people in the government do not comprehend the gravity of the matter, leaving them with the thought that there is no serious problem regarding sexual-orientation discrimination. Reasons why discrimination against LGBT in the country still exists include lack of legislation that protects them from discrimination of multiple reasons, such as gender identity, sexual orientation and Filipino traditions, beliefs and values (Alcantara, Batac, Canlas, Fernando, and Garcia, 2013). Religion is the primary basis of Filipino’s practices and traditions, thus, most of them consider LGBT as immoral and sinful. Since 1999, many Discrimination Bills have been filed in congress by the legislators, however, until now, there is no single bill that protects the LGBT from gender discrimination has enacted into a law. Consequently, LGBT individuals still experiencing unjust treatment from other parties, and are constantly deprived of equal rights in many aspects of humanity. This study will focus on discrimination against the LGBT in three aspects – employment, education and community. It will provide responses from the involved individuals that will help the government address the problems regarding this issue.
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The government should do actions to minimize, if not eliminate, gender discrimination as we cannot deny the fact that many Filipino LGBT College students are experiencing different types of discrimination especially in employment, education, and society. There are companies in the country that block the promotion of LGBT employees, and worse is that they do not even hire LGBT individuals as they believe that homosexuality denotes weakness and immorality. In fact, 15 to 43 percent of gays experienced different kinds of harassment and inequality in employment (Burns and Krehely, 2011). Furthermore, based on a 2008 study of the Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law, “27 percent of lesbian, gay, or bisexual workers had been harassed or discriminated against at work on the basis of their sexual orientation” (Badgett and Mallory, 2012). Moreover, the General Social Survey (GSS), “show [sic] that over one in four LGBT employees report discriminatory treatment in the workplace in past the five years, and over one-third are not out to anyone at work” (Mallory and Sears, 2011). Likewise, according to...
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