Key Question 4: Who was to blame for the Cold War?
• Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? • How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? • How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism?
• Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? The origins of the Cold War; the 1945 summit conferences including the parts played by Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin and Truman, and the breakdown of the USA-USSR alliance in 1945–6; Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe; the Iron Curtain; the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan; the Berlin Blockade and its immediate consequences. June 2012
(a) What was the Iron Curtain? 
(b) Explain why Berlin was a cause of tension between East and West between 1945 and 1949.  (c) How successful was the West in containing Communism in Europe up to 1949? Explain your answer?  Jan 2012
(a) What decisions about Germany were taken at Yalta and Potsdam?  (b) Explain why the wartime allies disagreed about Poland in 1945.  (c) The following were equally to blame for increasing Cold War tensions before 1950: i. Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe;
ii. The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan; and
iii. The Berlin Blockade.
How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer referring only to i, ii and iii.  June 11
(a) Describe what happened at the Potsdam Conference. 
(b) Explain why the USA-USSR alliance had broken down by 1947.  (c) Which country had the more successful policies in Europe between 1945 and 1949: the USA or the USSR? Explain your answer.  Jan 11
1(b) Explain why the USSR blockaded West Berlin in 1948.  June 10
1(b) Explain why the USA was hostile towards the Soviet Union in the years 1945 to 1949.  Jan 10
(a) What was decided at the Yalta Conference in February 1945?  (b) Explain why there was a breakdown in relations between the USSR and the West from 1945 to 1946.  (c)...
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