As WWII came to an end, a new conflict emerged between the United States and the Soviet Union. This conflict was the Cold War, and it affected many regions of the world, including Europe, Asia and Latin America. One example of how the Cold War affected a region was in Europe where it was divided into two regions; communist and non-communist.(doc 1) This seemed to be a question with countries whether they'll be run as a communist country or non-communist.
Berlin was an immediate victim to the Cold War. Berlin was shared amongst 4 powers, the French, British, United States and the Soviet Union.(doc 3a) Since Berlin was shared with the Soviet Union, part of Berlin was communist as the other half wasn't. The Soviet Union built a wall to keep capitalist ideas out of their sector of Berlin.(doc 3b) Not only did the Soviet Union build this wall but they also blockaded the city hoping to force out the western sector. This attempt failed as the United States responded with the Berlin airlift which brought food and supplies to Berlin each day. Germany wasn't the only European country to be affected. To the East of the “Iron Curtain” the Soviet Union crushed any anti-communist revolts. In Hungary, they tried to overthrow the communist government but failed.(doc 2a,b) Although Europe was one of the most earliest victims of the Cold War, more countries are to come.
Another country greatly affected by the Cold War was Asia. Specifically Korea, the North wanted to unite all of Korea to be communists while the South did not. Since the two ideologies were different, North Korea thought the only solution was to invade the South.(doc 5) The Soviet Union and other communist countries joined North Korea and helped to win over the country. The United Nations also joined in to help South Korea. The Korean war ended up being a stalemate and was divided along the 38th parallel.(doc 6) Korea wasn't the only nation in Asia to fight. There was also Vietnam. North Vietnam thought...
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