COLD STORING REQUIREMENT IN INDIA
CURRENT STATUS OF AGRICULTURE IN INDIA
* More than half of the Indian population still relies on agriculture for employment and livelihood * India is the second-largest producer of food in the world * Agriculture accounts for about 10 per cent of the total export earnings * The agriculture sector contributed 17.2% to the Indian GDP (2011) * The total work force as of 2009 is 52% of total work population * India stand 1st place for the production of Milk, Pulses, Jute * 2nd place for the production Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane (Brazil is first) Groundnut, Vegetables, Fruits, Cotton Production. * 10th place in agricultural and food export.
MEANING OF COLD CHAIN
A cold chain is a temperature controlled supply chain which is used to extend and ensure the shelf life of products such as fresh agricultural produce, seafood, frozen food, chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs. The cold chain consists of two logistic systems:
1.Surface storage: Refrigerated warehouses, for temperature sensitive products. 2.Refrigerated Transportation: Reefer trucks, contain ships and trains for transport of temperature sensitive products.
Why India need cold chain
1.The Indian food market is estimated at over $182 billions. 2.India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. 3.annual vegetable production is around 125.89 million tones 4.annual fruit production is around 63.5 million tones.
5.nearly 40 percent gets wasted.
6.India is the largest producer of milk in the world, producing close to 105 million metric tons, and accounting for nearly 17 percent of global production. 7.More than 10 percent of annual milk production in the country is lost due to inadequate storage facilities. 8.Produces 6.5 million tons of meat
9. 6.1 million tons of fish.
10. The pharmaceuticals industry in India is the world’s third largest in...
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