July 20, 2014
Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders in the United
States. There are two types of depression, chemical and environmental. Chemical depression is when either the brain does not produce serotonin or the serotonin receptors in the brain do not work. A chemical imbalance can be fixed with the right medication and frequent visits with a psychiatrist. Environmental depression is very different, it is often mistaken for chemical depression. Environmental depression, although is a chemical imbalance in the brain, can be caused by one or many traumatic events such the experience of abuse or loss. If someone is or has been in treatment for depression, it is quite common they will have a depression relapse. Relapse prevention is a cognitive-behavioral approach with the goal of identifying and preventing high-risk situations such as substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive behavior, sexual offending, obesity, and depression. Furthermore, relapse prevention is an important component in the treatment process of depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the best ways to
prevent relapse, instead of being about fixing oneself it is about accepting any situation and providing tools to take care of oneself.
Cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck. CT is one of the therapeutic approaches within the larger group of cognitive behavioral therapies and was first expounded by Beck in the 1960s. Cognitive therapy is based on the cognitive model, which states that thoughts, feelings and behavior are all connected, and that individuals can move toward overcoming difficulties and meeting their goals by identifying and changing unhelpful or inaccurate thinking, problematic behavior, and distressing emotional responses. This involves the individual working collaboratively with the