Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
May 21, 2012
Bridget Rivera, PSY.D.
The field of psychology is made up of different branches and each branch gives a range of different ideas and theories toward the compound field of psychology. Cognitive psychology is one branch that focuses on how cognition directly affects human behavior. Primarily cognitive psychology tries to uncover the underlying mental processes that play a role on particular human behaviors. Cognitive psychology was created in distinction of behavioral psychology. Major human functions can be observed through theories from the cognitive branch of psychology. These things can range from language, problem solving skills, memory functioning, and perception. Cognitive psychologists have developed many theories over the years that have made major contributions to the general field of psychology. The Foundation of Cognitive Psychology
Prior to cognitive psychology becoming a significant branch of the psychology field, behavioral psychology was the main branch within psychology. Cognitive psychology came about when psychologists began to have questions about the behavioral method to psychology. Several psychologists felt that the behavioral approach to psychology had many gaps when it came to basic human functions such as memory, language, and learning. Psychologists attempted to fill these gaps by comparing the human mind to a computer (Willingham, 2007). Psychologists and scientists who studied artificial intelligence considered that the human mind functioned similar to an information processor. They believed that when humans processed information it resulted in the output of human thoughts and behaviors. These psychologists and scientists also made the association that there were different modules that existed. Each module had a specific job in processing information. The brain is composed of different lobes and each part has...
References: Hornak, J. (2011). The Basics of MRI. Retrieved from http://www.cis.rit.edu/htbooks/mri/inside.htm
Willingham, D. T. (2007). Cognition: The thinking animal. (3rd. ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education Inc.
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