Cognitive impairment occurs when problems with thought processes occur. It can include loss of higher reasoning, forgetfulness, learning disabilities, concentration difficulties, decreased intelligence, and other reductions in mental functions. Cognitive impairment may be present at birth or can occur at any point in a person’s lifespan. An intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental function. Under IDEA, “significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance” (Department of Health and Human Services , 2012) is classified as a cognitive impairment. The only way this disability can be diagnosed by a health professional and they look at two factors. There are two ways in which you can measure whether or not a student has a cognitive impairment. They first look at their mental ability such as their IQ. There are three measures for which a student can be classified in the IQ measure. First is mildly cognitive impaired which is between the 75-85 score. A mildly cognitive impaired student may not need as extensive of an accommodation. Next is the moderate scoring which is in the 55 to 70 score. This score falls in the middle and may need more assistance. The last and third category is the severe and moderate category which is anything below a 55. This student will need much more assistance than a student that is mildly cognitively impaired. The Center for Disease Control defines cognitive impairments among 8-year-old children by a score of 70 or below on an test of intellectual capability (2011). This wide range just proves how important it is to treat each student differently and to look at each case separately. Another factor that a doctor will also consider when assessing whether or not...
Bibliography: Center for Disease Control (2011). Facts on Cogitive Impairment. Research Report.
Department of Health and Human Services . (2012, December 3). Head Start. Retrieved March 30, 2013, from http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta-system/teaching/Disabilities/services%20to%20children%20with%20disabilities/disabilities/disabl_fts_00014_061105.html
National Inclusion Project. (2009). People with Developmental and Cognitive Disabilities. Retrieved March 30, 2013, from People with Developmental and Cognitive Disabilities
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