Two theorists that display the basic premises of cognitive development are Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Both theorists have similarities and differences when it comes to their views on cognitive development. We will first begin with the views of the two on the nature or development of intelligence. Piaget believed that children are naturally born with the ability to both interact with and make sense of their environment. Children as well as adults use patterns of thinking called schemes to deal with different things in the world. The process of assimilation and accommodation is used to maintain balance in our daily lives. Piaget believed that “learning depends on the process of equilibration. When equilibrium is upset, children have the opportunity to grow and develop.” (Slavin, 2009, pg.32) Different experiences that we face and factors in our environment contribute to developmental change in us. Vygotsky shared some similar ides with Piaget including
References: Slavin, R. E. (2009). Educational Psychology: Theory and practice (9th Ed.). Boston: Pearson Education.