The Coffee Supply Chain
In the past 60 years the export of coffee has changed dramatically. In postwar Brazil coffee was about 90% of all exports, today coffee only makes up 10% of all exports. (Reference 1) Yet, coffee will always be a very important and influential export for Brazil and many of the neighboring countries. Brazil and neighboring countries make up part of what is known as the coffee belt.
In the past 60 years the percentage of coffee as an export for most countries has decreased the amount of coffee exported worldwide has steadily grown and has reached record amounts. Three countries have had interesting export history since 1990. Brazil has maintained the number one spot while increase total exports of coffee by enormous amounts. Columbia has maintained its standing as one of the world’s leading exporters of coffee but has steadily declined in the past 20 years. Vietnam was almost a very small exporter of coffee over 20 years ago and is now the number two exporter in the world. (Picture, Reference 3)
| (60kg bags of coffee) (Reference 4)
Brazil was the number one exporter of coffee in 1990. In 1990 Brazil exporter 3,000,000 more bags of coffee than Columbia the number two exporter at the time. Brazil has maintained at least a 30% growth every ten years since 1990. From 1990 to 1999 Brazil’s coffee export grew 37%, from 1999-2009 31%. From 2009 to 2011 Brazil increased its coffee export 80%! In the span of 21 years Brazil was able to increase the export of coffee by 37,564,212 bags of coffee, a 222% increase. (Reference 5)
| (Reference 6)
Colombia has had a very different story over the past 20+ years. In 1990 Colombia was the number two worldwide exporter of coffee, 7,000,000 bags more than the closest country, Indonesia. In...
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