Coffee Production

Topics: Coffee, Coffea, Caffeine Pages: 15 (3464 words) Published: April 27, 2014


Collected Research Information

Re-Written Notes
Nescafe. (n.d.). Coffee Production. Retrieved 7 30, 2013, from All You Need to Know About Coffee:

Coffee grown in Africa, Asia and Latin America, in so called ‘coffee belt’ Brazil is the biggest producer, followed by Vietnam and Colombia Some countries specialise in one type of coffee bean
Coffees have typical regional taste- influenced by soil and weather conditions Coast Rica produces mild coffee with a nutty flavour; Indonesian coffee has thick, mellow character. Ethiopian coffee prized for smooth strong flavour The main coffee producing regions are Africa, Asia and Latin America which are commonly referred to as the ‘coffee belt’. Brazil is the largest producer of coffee, followed by Vietnam and Colombia. The region a particular coffee bean comes from has a huge impact on the taste of the coffee due to the soil and weather conditions. Some examples of this include Costa Rica, whose coffee is mild with a nutty flavour, Indonesia, which grows Coffee with a thick, mellow character and Ethiopia, which is renowned for producing a much sought after coffee with a smooth, strong flavour.

Coffee Production Today. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 30, 2012, from Coffee and Health: Tree

Coffee tree is tropical evergreen shrub
Grows between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn
Two most commercially important species grown are Coffea arabica (Arabicas) and Coffea canephora (Robustas). Average Arabica plant is large bush with dark-green oval leaves Fruit, or cherries, rounded and mature in 7-9 months: usually contain two flat seeds (coffee beans) When only one bean develops it is called peaberry

Robusta is robust shrub or small tree that grows up to 10 meters high: fruits rounded and take up to 11 months mature; seeds oval in shape and smaller than Arabica seeds Ideal average temperatures range Arabica: 15ºC-24ºC Robusta: 24ºC-30ºC (Flourish in hotter, harsher conditions) Coffee needs annual rainfall of 1500mm-3000mm, with Arabica needing less than other species Robusta can be grown sea-level-800m

Arabica does best at higher altitudes and often grown in hilly areas Harvest
Coffee often grown mountainous areas: widespread use of mechanical harvesters is not possible and ripe coffee cherries are usually picked by hand Main exception Brazil- relatively flat landscape and immense size of coffee fields allow for machinery use Coffee trees yield average of 2-4kg of cherries

Good picker can harvest 45-90kg of coffee cherry per day: will produce nine to 18kg of coffee beans Coffee harvested in one of two days:
1. Strip Picked: all cherries stripped off branch, either by machine and by hand 2. Selectively Picked: only ripe cherries harvested and they are picked by hand Pickers check trees every 8-10 days and individually pick only fully ripe cherries Method is labour intensive and more costly

Selective picking primarily used for finer Arabica beans

Initial processing
Dry Method
Or ‘natural’ method involves drying whole crying
Oldest, simplest method requires little machinery
Cherries are sorted from dirt, twigs leaves and unripe/overripe/damaged berries Cherries are spread out in the sun and turned to ensure even drying Dry/brittle cherries sent to mill for hulling
‘green coffee’ beans sorted and graded ready for selling The Wet Method
Requires use of special equipment and availability of water
Dry cherries first cleaned
Then pulped by a machine that squeezes cherries so flesh and skin separated from beans Beans further cleaned
Left out in sun to dry or in mechanical dryer
Cleaned, screened, sorted and graded
‘green coffee’ now ready for selling
During roasting: characteristic coffee taste aroma components are formed, along with typical brown colour of beans More than 1000 different aroma...

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Choosing Coffee Beans Online. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 31, 2013, from Coffee Market – Espresso beans and coffee machines:
Coffee Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 31, 2013, from Adea Coffee Company:
Coffee Production Today. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 30, 2012, from Coffee and Health:
Flavored Coffee Bean. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 30, 2013, from eNotes:
Gourmet Getaways. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 31, 2013, from North Coast Food and Wine Tours:
Nescafe. (n.d.). Coffee Production. Retrieved 7 30, 2013, from All You Need to Know About Coffee:
Types of Coffee. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 31, 2013, from Two Rivers Roasting Co.:
Welcome. (n.d.). Retrieved 7 31, 2013, from The Coffee Bean Roasting House:
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