STUDENT NAME:___Daron Pritchard ______ SECTION NUMBER:___CNL_______________
ASSIGNMENT #1:_THEMES IN DEVELOPMENT_____
There are four questions, each of which is worth 25 points for a total of 100 points.
MYEDUCATION LAB Activity: The Major Developmental Theories
Review the following theoretical perspectives on development: psychodynamic theories (e.g., Freud), psychosocial theories (e.g., Erikson), behaviorist (learning) theories (e.g., Watson, Skinner), social learning theories (e.g., Bandura), cognitive developmental theories (e.g., Piaget), information-processing theories (e.g., Siegler), and bioecological theories (Bronfenbrenner).
Question 1: Which theory or theories focus more on the importance of nature than nurture? Which theory or theories take a strong position that nurture is more important than nature?
The humanistic perspective contends that people have a natural capacity to make decisions about their lives and control their behavior. The humanistic perspective emphasizes free will and the natural desire of humans to reach their full potential.
Question 2: Which theory or theories focus on the universality of development more than diversity of individuals?
The contextual perspective considers the relationship between individuals and their physical, cognitive, personality, and social worlds. The bioecological approach stresses the interrelatedness of developmental areas and the importance of broad cultural factors in human development. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory emphasizes the central influence on cognitive development exerted by social interactions between members of a culture.
Question 3: Which theory or theories focus more on qualitative change than on quantitative change?
The Cognitive Theory focuses on qualitative, the goal of the theory is to explain the mechanisms and processes by which the infant, and then the child, develops into an individual who can reason and think using hypotheses. To