Clinical Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Psychiatry Pages: 4 (1071 words) Published: June 3, 2013
Examination of Clinical Psychology

“Clinical psychology is defined by focusing on the assessment, treatment and understanding of psychological and behavioral problems and disorders” (Plante, 2011, p.5). Clinical psychology is not a specialty within psychology as much as it is an application of psychology that deals with emotional and behavioral problems (Plante, 2011). In order to understand clinical psychology, it is important to understand the history and evolving nature, the role of research and statistics, and the differences between clinical psychology and other mental health professionals including social work, psychiatry, and school psychology. History of Clinical Psychology

In 460-377 B.C., there were many people that influenced the early development of what would become to be known as clinical psychology. Hippocrates was one of the first to suggest that biological, psychological, and social factors contribute to the physical and emotional well being of individuals. After Hippocrates came up with the early perspectives that he had, Aristotle, Plato and Galen built upon them (Plante, 2011).

In the Middle Ages, (500-1450 A.D.) the relationship between health, illness, mind, and body became important again. In 1490-1541, a Swiss physician name Paracelsus developed treatments that were important in the biological foundations of mental illness. Then Juan Luis Vives (1492-1540) and Johann Weyer (1515-1588) a;sp began to bring attention to mental illness as being more about behavior and they too started believing treatment was right for the mentally ill (Plante, 2011).

During the Renaissance Era, Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) discovered during an autopsy that a diseased organ could cause illness and/or death. This lead to many other discoveries, such as the discovery in the nineteenth century by Louis Pasteur where he found that diseases and illnesses could cause problems with the cells in the body. A psychological approach to...

References: CU-Boulder. (2013). Graduate Study in the field of psychology. Retrieved January 28, 2013 from
K. Cherry. (2013). What’s the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist. Retrieved January 28, 2013 from
Plante, T. G. (2011). Contemporary clinical psychology (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ:
John Wiley & Sons.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Clinical Psychology Essay
  • Clinical Assessment Essay
  • Career in Psychology Essay
  • Experimental Psychology Research Paper
  • Essay on Living through the trauma
  • The Practice of Clinical Psychology Worksheet Essay
  • Examination of Clinical Psychology Paper
  • Application of Clinical Psychology Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free