Climate Change

Topics: Wetland, Emergency management, Development Pages: 16 (3733 words) Published: August 28, 2013
Ecosystems, Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in India

Summary Report

All India Disaster Mitigation Institute

Preparedness Pocketbook Series-29

Ecosystems, Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in India Gujarat Council of Science City, Gujarat, India
December 21-23, 2010

Summary Report

All India Disaster Mitigation Institute March 2011

Title: Summary Report of the Twenty Third National Course on Ecosystems, Community based Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in India

Contents

The Triangle of Resilience: Linking Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Adaptation Ecosystem Management and Restoration Preface 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction Background Proceedings Discussion Recommendations Impact of Training The Way Forward 1 4 8 17 20 23 26

All India Disaster Mitigation Institute
411, Sakar Five, Behind Natraj Cinema, Ashram Road, Ahmedabad-380 009, India Tel/Fax: 0091-79-2658 2962, E-mail: bestteam@aidmi.org, Website: www.aidmi.org

© All India Disaster Mitigation Institute, March 2011

The Triangle of Resilience: Linking Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Adaptation Ecosystem Management and Restoration In the States of Odisha and Bihar Wetlands International, Cordaid (Netherlands based NGO) and the Red Cross Climate Centre will over the coming five years support over a dozen local civil society organizations in the implementation of an integrated disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA) and ecosystem management and restoration (EMR) program*. This unique initiative will target the poorest communities in the floodplains of Mahanadi Delta (Odisha) and Kosi River (Bihar). In these areas the connection between disaster vulnerability, ecosystem deterioration and lack of adaptive capacity to climate change is clearly evident. In both areas climate change is expected to lead to an increase in precipitation during the monsoon season. River management interventions in both states still remain heavily focused on engineering and * This program is part of a wider set of DRR/CCA and ecosystem management activities in 9 countries in Asia, Central America and Africa, under the umbrella of “Partners for Resilience”, in which CARE Netherlands and the Netherlands Red Cross are also involved.

infrastructural solutions, rather than on integrating ecosystems in development and disaster management strategies.

The important role ecosystems can play in DRR and CCA strategies is often overlooked. Healthy ecosystems are important for two reasons: •

They act as buffers to reduce the impact of hazard events (“natural infrastructure”). a. Wetlands and peatlands provide storage space for flood waters. b. Vegetation protects against erosion and stabilizes riverbanks.

Program's focus development

ecosystems

resilience

disasters

environmental degradation

climate change

extreme weather events

c. Dense and deep rooted vegetation reduces the risks of landslides by binding the soil together and resisting slippage. •

Preface

They reduce community vulnerability by supporting and sustaining livelihoods. a. Healthy ecosystems, such as intact forests, wetlands, mangroves and coral reefs provide many livelihood products, e.g. firewood, clean water, food, fibres… b. Ecosystems also provide a range of services: regulating water flows and water quality, carbon sequestration, decontamination, soil conservation...

Vulnerable populations, especially in rural areas, are heavily dependent on healthy ecosystems for their livelihoods and survival.

We, Cordaid as a development agency, were focusing on “Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction” for last few years. There were agencies who were keeping their focus on Ecosystem Restoration and Management, and Climate Change. Need not to mention now, that issues like Climate Change, Disaster and eco system are inter-related. Although there was...
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