The atmosphere is warming on average, but the effects of climate change are being felt locally and can be very different from place to place. Local and regional climate changes include more severe storms, heat waves, precipitation, and droughts. These changes can produce impacts such as changes in agricultural yields, increased flooding, and landslides. An increase in average temperatures will reduce sea ice, because glaciers to recede increase sea level, lower lake level, and decrease snowpack. All of these changes disrupt ecosystems and cause habitats to change which can result in species extinctions, loss of biodiversity, increased disease, and threatened human cultures.
There are types of gases including those known as greenhouse gases that surround the atmosphere. Green house gases (GHG) absorb and retain heat from the sun. They regulate the Earth’s climate by holding warmth in an atmospheric blanket around the planet’s surface. Scientists call this phenomenon the greenhouse effect according