Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning

Topics: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Behaviorism Pages: 4 (1197 words) Published: May 29, 2010
What do you think are the differences and similarities between Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning? Many people believe that Classical and Operant are similar. Several people don’t know what the similarities and differences of Classical and Operant are, several people think it is the same learning method, which in this case I’m going to compare and contrast each behavior and give you information about each one, so you could have a better understanding of each method and what they do. Classical and Operant are very similar to each other. They are widely practiced; Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to transfer a natural response from one stimulus to another, previously neutral stimulus. Manipulating reflexes does this. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which the likelihood of a behavior is increased or decreased by the use of reinforcement or punishment. Operant conditioning deals with more cognitive thought process. Both have similarities and differences, as do all forms of learning methods. Their similarities are that they both produce basic phenomena. One such phenomenon is acquisition. Both types of conditioning result in the inheritance of a behavior. Hopefully, in this paper I will show you the basic structure of each method. What is conditioning? Conditioning is the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the presence of well-defined stimuli.

Classical conditioning is defined as: a process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus that already elicits a similar or related response. Is one of the most famous of experiments that is discovered by a Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), classical conditioning is a form of learning in this experiment; Pavlov sat behind a one way mirror and controlled the presentation of a bell. The bell was the conditioned stimulus. A conditioned stimulus was an originally...
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