Classical Conditioning
Topics: Behaviorism, Psychology, Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Reward system / Pages: 3 (639 words) / Published: Sep 28th, 2017

John B. Watson believed that psychology should be restricted to the study of behavior.
The study of behavior is scientific because it is observable and measurable. The result of behavior is speculated from the effects of the environments according to behaviorists. Behaviorism is associated with how environmental factors affect observable behavior and what people learn from the environment later on in life. Classical conditioning is sometimes referred as CC. Classical conditioning involves learning by association. It contains a neutral stimulus, which is a stimulus that does not evoke the reflex to be conditioned. However, it could evoke other reflexes. After neutral stimulus, there is unconditioned stimulus that evokes a reflex without the
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One example is you will laugh whenever you go watch a funny movie. You always eat gummy worms when you go to the movies and watch a comedy. Now you go out in public and see gummy worms, and you cannot help but not to laugh. Another example is every time you take a shower, someone in the house flushes the toilet causing the water to turn cold. As result, you become cold in the shower. Now every time you hear a toilet flush, you get cold. The same thing occurs when you hear a faucet run. Last example is when your significant other often yells at you and makes you feel awful. When you see this person they make you very angry so you have decided to call off the relationship. You meet another person who looks exactly like your ex. You find yourself hating this person for no apparent reason every time you are around them even though they seem really nice. Operant conditioning is the other condition that occurs with environmental behaviors. It centers on learning from the consequences of behavior. Operant conditioning is a voluntary response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus. The voluntary response is more likely to be taken out by the organism. Any stimulus that increases the frequency of a behavior is called a reinforcer. In order to be a reinforcer, stimuli must immediately follow the response. It must also be perceived as contingent upon the

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