Class 9th Cbse English Essays

Topics: Victorian era, Human rights, Childhood Pages: 3 (471 words) Published: December 31, 2012
Child labor refers to the
employment of children. This
practice is illegal in many
countries. In rich countries it is
considered as a human rights
Child labor goes back a long way in
time. During the Victorian era,
many young children were made to
work in factories and mines and as
chimney sweeps. Child labor played
an important role in the Industrial
Revolution. Charles Dickens worked
at the age of 12 in the Blacking
Factory, while his family was in
debtor’s prison. In those days,
children as young as four were
employed in production factories
with dangerous working conditions.
With universal schooling and the
introduction of concepts like
human rights and child rights,
slowly child labor fell into
disrepute. The first general law
against child labor, the Factory
Acts, were passed in Britain in the
first half of the 19th century.
Children younger than nine were
not allowed to work.
Poverty is the main reason why
child labor exists. Children bring in
additional income which is much
needed and so parents send them
to work. Child labor is common in
poorer parts of the world. Children
may work in factories, sweatshops,
mines, fields, hotels, match
factories, or in households. Some
children work as guides for tourists
and may end up getting sexually
abused by them as happens in
places like Goa and Kerala.
As many children work in the
informal sector they manage to
escape the scrutiny of the labor
inspectors and the media.
According to UNICEF, there are an
estimated 158 million children
aged 5 to 14 engaged in child labor
worldwide. In 1999, the Global
March against Child Labor, the
movement, began. Thousands of
people marched together to spread
the message against child labor.
The march, which started on
January 17, 1998, built immense
awareness and culminated at the
ILO Conference in Geneva. It
resulted in the draft of the ILO
Convention against the worst forms
of child labor. The following year,...
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