Options within Corrections
Based on the information gathered from different materials, proceeding with jails, prisons, probation, parole, juvenile, and community corrections may range from many perspectives. Jails and prisons are different from a few perspectives, but it may also vary on the length of time to serve for punishment. Parole and probation are reservation options to help educate criminals about ethical knowledge. Community corrections are also provided to help keep the environment safe from harm. After evaluating the past, present, and future trends of community-based corrections, the program has helped develop other alternatives for offenders. This will help the criminals from receiving the incarceration sentence and offer treatment programs for better results. Correctional facilities, involving the law enforcement agencies may require fiscal responsibilities within the facility. The security environment is different from other facilities as the systems maintain a high security set up. Evaluate past, present, and future trends pertaining to the development and operation of and community-based corrections
One concept behind community-based corrections programs is to develop an alternative method instead of incarceration and to develop an effective method for reducing the number of inmates in prisons throughout the United States. In the 1950s, the United States and neighboring country Canada are both dealing with prison overcrowding, and an effective solution to end these problems come in the form of community corrections. During this time, “…local institutions, residential centres, group homes and specialized probations services were promoted as alternatives to incarceration” (Community Corrections, 1998, p. 5).
With these alternatives, criminal justice officials realize these programs are less expensive to operate versus building new prisons because many of the community correction programs receive funds and support from the community, unlike prisons because most funding is from the governments from both countries and the taxpayers. As alternatives to incarceration concepts are becoming more popular two decades later, criminal justice officials are urging for the development of more programs. These programs would ease the financial burden of housing a federal prisoner ($45,753) comparing to overseeing a person in some type of community correction program like parole ($8,527) in Canada is extremely less, and this is another reason these programs can be effective (Community Corrections, 1998, p. 8). Though community correction programs do save money, these programs can serve the needs better than incarceration does while giving courts and judges another option than sentencing to prison or jail. Many ex-inmates do not benefit from incarceration because they are not prepared to return to society. Restorative justice programs can make or hold offenders responsible for their actions, and this accountability benefits the offender, the community, and the victim because this gives the offender a chance to learn from his or her mistakes. Rehabilitation programs such as work-release and community transition programs are effective for offenders reentering society. Those in these programs have a less chance of reoffending - most want to do well, and they will re-integrate into society with better attitudes because of the second chance of these programs.
According to advocates and those favoring second chances at the John Howard Society, “We believe that the vast majority of offenders should be in the community serving their sentences where they can continue to contribute to society and maintain family and social ties” (Community Corrections, 1998, p. 18). Rehabilitation and restorative justice programs are still as effective programs, but with technology different programs are in operation. Technology permits other types of offenders to have a...
References: Haughtone, S. (2010). Community Based Correction Programs. Retrieved November 2, 2013
Community Corrections (1998). John Howard Society of Alberta. Retrieved November 1, 2013
Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2013). Prison Types and General Information. U.S. Department of
Justice. Retrieved from http://www.bop.gov/locations/institutions/
Bulman, P. (2009). Using Technology to Make Prisons and Jails Safer. National Institute of
Justice. Retrieved from http://www.nij.gov/journals/262/corrections-technology.htm
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