Police History Kenna Puckett CJA/214 October 20, 2014 Eric Crawford Police History Policing in the United States dates back to the 1800s, but the police of the modern world are much different from the first police that took patrol. The first patrols did not have cars or two-way radio communication, but they started off always evolving policing and law enforcement organizations. In our current time the government has a direct relationship with law enforcement which affects policing practices. Federal, State, and local governments all play a role in policing practice. Although the law enforcement industry is ever-changing, sometimes it is important to understand where it came from and where it is going. Sir Robert Peel
Sir Robert Peel is sometimes referred to as the father of modern policing, (Walker Katz, 2011). He was a political leader in England in the 1800s who fought for many years to improve law enforcement in his country. Peel formed the first police organization and was a pioneer in policing because of three core elements. The three core elements involve the mission, strategy, and organizational structure of the police (Walker Katz, 2011). Peels mission was focused on preventing crime rather than reacting to the crimes. Peels strategy for implementing the mission of crime prevention was preventive patrol (Walker Katz, 2011). The structure he adopted resembles military structure and a quasi-military structure is still in place for American policing today, (Walker Katz, 2011).
When colonial America established their law enforcement agencies, naturally, they adopted ideals from their homeland of England. This is how Peel impacted the law enforcement of the United States right from the start of policing organizations in this country. Policing and the Government in the United States
Essentially, the government creates the laws the police and other law enforcement personnel are trying to enforce. However, American policing is highly fragmented. There...
References: Walker, S. Katz, C.M. 2011. The Police in America An Introduction, 7th ed. New York, NY. McGraw-Hill. POLICE HISTORY PAGE 2 POLICE HISTORY PAGE 1 Y, dXiJ(x(
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