Jail and Prison
Raegyn K. Crawford
Mr. Prentice Tate
Jail and Prison
With how today’s society is changing, more and more people are getting themselves in trouble with the law. So bad to where these people are thrown into confinement for their stupendous actions. With juveniles, committing criminal acts seem to be somewhat trending. It’s sad to say, but yes criminal activity with juveniles and young adults grow bigger every day. This paper will discuss the jail and prison types, the differences, the culture and subculture, what role they play in the justice system, community-based correction programs associate with them, the violent behavior that occurs in prison and the probation and parole program and how they are involved with the prison. There are at least 7 types of prisons in the United States. There are; jails, federal prisons, state prisons, rehabilitation prisons, minimum security, medium security, and maximum security prisons. There are actually four types of prisons are federal, state, municipal, and military. A federal prison is operated and managed by the government. Federal prisons normally house inmates who have been convicted of a crime in violation of a federal statue as opposed to a state or local laws. A municipal prison is a high security prison. A military prison is a prison operated by the military. Military prisons are used to house prisoners of war, enemy combatants, those whose freedom is deemed a national security risk by the military or national authority and member of the military found guilty of a serious crime. A state prison is a facility operated by a state and used to house and rehabilitate criminals. While actually there are four types of prisons in the United States, Military, Juvenile, Political, and Psychiatric. Jails are considered temporary holding facilities for criminals until they can be moved and housed into a prison. This leads to the next topic of how they differ between each other. Although the terms “jail” and “prison” are sometimes used interchangeably, most members of law enforcement distinguish between the two. Primarily, the difference is that a jail is used by local jurisdictions such as counties and cities to confine people for short periods of time. A prison, or penitentiary, is administered by the state, and is used to house convicted criminals for periods of much longer duration. Both are part of a larger penal system which includes other aspects of criminal justice such as courts, law enforcement, and crime labs. Because a jail is designed for short time periods only, it tends to have fewer amenities than a prison. Individuals who are being housed in a jail have access to bathrooms and are provided with food and water, and in a low security jail, they may be able to socialize in common areas during certain periods of the day. Most jails are designed to hold a very small number of criminals, and have relatively lax security when compared to prisons, although in areas prone to violence, a jail may be run along very strict lines. A jail houses people who have been convicted to serve a short sentence, individuals awaiting trial, people who have not yet paid bail, and detainees who have just been picked up on suspicion of committing a crime. The criminals are processed through a booking procedure, and the criminal justice system decides what to do with them after that. The subculture of aggressive masculinity, which is openly known by inmates and prison officials alike, is a paramount factor for assessing whether prison officials acted with "deliberate indifference." More importantly, sexually victimized inmates can rely on this widely acknowledged subculture to litigate successful claims against prisons and prison officials. At the same time there are different roles involved when it comes to being confined. There are a number of many rules. 1. In jail criminals are separated from public, to make them safe. 2. It gives a chance to make...
References: Lonsway, K. (2006). Advocates and law enforcement: Oil and water? Available online at
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