Civil War

Topics: American Civil War, Confederate States of America, Robert E. Lee Pages: 8 (2984 words) Published: August 23, 2013
This paper is about the Civil War. It is an overview of the events that led up to the Start of the Civil War, the battles during the Civil War and the end of the Civil war. How, when and why did the Civil War end? What battles took place during the Civil War and how did they affect the outcome of the Civil War? How, when and why the Civil War started? What events led up to the start of the Civil war? There were a few abolitionists that were involved in events leading up to the Civil War. Even though the Civil war didn’t actually begin until 1861there were people fighting for the same causes as the ones that caused the Civil War; slavery, state rights, the future of the new territories if they were going to be Free states or slave states. In October 16th -18th, 1859 John brown, in an attempt to amass arms for a slave insurrection, attacks the federal armory and arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. (Thomas, 2001) John Brown (May 9, 1800-December 2, 1859) was an abolitionist; he believed that the only way to take action against slavery was by using force. In 1856 Brown commanded forced in the Battle of Black Jack and the Battle of Osawatomie in Kansas. Some of his followers killed 5 pro-slave supporters at Pottawatomie. The attacks in October 1859 on the federal armory and at Harpers Ferry are what led to his capture and being tried for murder and treason. On December 2nd, 1859 Brown was hung for murder and treason. (Reynolds, 2005) “I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood. I had, as I now think, vainly flattered myself that without very much bloodshed it might be done” Brown wrote this the morning of his hanging. (Reynolds, 2005) On November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln is elected President, with Hannibal Hamlin as his Vice president. He was the first Republican to win the presidency. Receiving only 40% of the popular vote. (this day in history novemeber 6, 2013) On December 20, 1860 South Carolina held a special convention, to vote on whether or not to withdraw from the union. With a unanimously vote South Carolina withdrew from the Union. This done as a consequence of Lincoln’s election, Lincoln against slavery and the states that were slaves didn’t like the idea of him being president. Even thou South Carolina seceded from the Union the rest of the south was still wrestling with the idea of seceded with South Carolina. On January 9 1861 Star of the West, an unarmed merchant vessel secretly carrying federal troops and supplies to fort Sumter, is fired upon by South Carolina artillery at the entrance to Charleston harbor. She was hit three times by what were the first shots of the civil war. (Thomas, 2001) January 9 – February 1, 1861 Mississippi (January 9th), Florida (January 10th ), Alabama (January 11th ), Georgia (January 19th ), Louisiana (January 26th ) , and Texas (February 1st ) follow South Carolina’s lead and seceded from the union. They waited until after the Fort Sumter to follow South Carolina. The states debated if seceding like South Carolina was the right thing to do, but after Fort Sumter was surrendered to South Carolina troops, the states believed that should follow South Carolina. (Brinkley, 2012) (Thomas, 2001) In February 19861 delegates from six seceded states meet in Montgomery, Alabama, to form a government and they elected Jefferson Davis as the president of the confederate States of America. After this the demanded that the north surrender the federal forts located in the South, to the South. President Buchanan refused to surrender southern federal forts to the seceding states,so southern state troops seized them. (Thomas, 2001) (Morris) On March 4th, 1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the sixteenth president of the United States. At Lincoln’s inauguration, Lincoln said he had no plans to end slavery in those states where it already existed, but he also said he would not accept secession. He hoped to resolve the...
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