Civil rights context
The 14th amendment in the constitution of the United States of America was adopted in 1868 after the civil war (1861-65). It was formed after the 13th amendment abolishing slavery. The 14th amendment was produced to give all citizens of America equal access to the law this was for black and white citizens. This amendment was used to displace the poor law enforcement of the post war south. This gave the covering of the rights of the constitution for all people. It provides all people with the right to free speech in America of which is part of the first amendment. This amendment equal legal process to all: races, religions, sex and beliefs. 15th Amendment:
Adopted in 1870 this amendment provides the right to vote to vote despite race, colour or pervious servitude cannot be denied by federal or state powers. However, women did not get the vote at this point. However, many African Americans could not vote at this time due to literacy skills as well as, pressure from people in the community such as threats to lose your job; tests were in place to stop most African Americans voting. This amendment was flawed therefore; the voting rights act was a piece of legislation that echoed the 15th amendment but, abolishing voting qualifications such as tests. This was signed by President Johnson in 1965. 1863 Emancipation Proclamation:
This was not an amendment but rather a war measure issued by President Lincoln on 1st January 1863. It described the freedom for the 10 confederate states however; this did not come into practise until 1865. This was estimated that 3.1 – 4 million slaves would be proclaimed free by the union. This did not go through congress. However, this action is very important due to fact; this led to higher action such as the 13th amendment abolishing slavery; and then to the 15th amendment. 1875 Civil rights act:
This was a piece of legislation that allowed African Americans equal rights to accommodation,...
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