Civil Rights

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., African-American Civil Rights Movement, African American Pages: 5 (1917 words) Published: April 27, 2014

Leaders in the Civil Rights Movement refused to allow John F. Kennedy's promise to go unfulfilled. On 28 August 1963, a quarter of a million black and white Americans traveled to the nation's capital to call for the passage of the civil rights bill, as well as a plan to decrease unemployment, and an increase in the national minimum wage. From the Lincoln Memorial dozens of civil rights activists, laborers, and church leaders, including Martin Luther King, Jr., spoke to the crowd and chanted freedom slogans and sang freedom songs. African Americans were tired of being disrespected and being treated like they were inhumane. After the many years of slavery, racism and discrimination that came after it African Americans were fed up and wanted to protest against it so they could prosper. In the 1950’s through the 1960’s The Civil Rights Movement occurred. The Civil Rights Movement was a movement of African Americans whose goal was to end racism, segregation and discrimination. African Americans felt that they were not being treated equally and were not given equal rights. There were many famous leaders and inspirations during the Civil Rights Movement. Leaders like Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Rosa Parks and the not so famous leaders like Nellie Stone Johnson and Fred Hampton. This movement was very important to the freedom of African Americans, and it has changed today’s society. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., known as MLK was born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1929. Martin Luther King was a pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Martin Luther King was one of the most famous and inspirational leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, he was a strong activist for civil rights. Martin Luther King was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, also known as the “NAACP”. The NAACP is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization founded in 1909. From the thousands of dedicated workers, organizers, leaders and members who make up the NAACP continue to fight for equality and justice for all Americans in the country. In 1955 Martin Luther King took on his leadership role to attempt the first nonviolent negroe demonstration. This was called the Bus Boycott, which many African Americans participated in. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. In that same year, Martin Luther King home was bombed while he was at a meeting with the Bus Boycott members. The bomb exploded in his front porch with his wife and daughter inside, although they were not harmed. Martin Luther received many phone calls with people threatening him telling him to leave town, but King ignored them and hoped that his faith would keep him safe. King was a nonviolent protester, he believed that with his faith in God and time, change would soon come. In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and sent to jail because him and other civil rights activist were protesting about the treatment of African Americans in Birmingham, Alabama. The court had ordered that Martin Luther King could not hold any protests in Birmingham. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man that had received the Nobel Peace Prize. When he found out about him winning the prize he announced that he would put his prize money of $54,123 to the needs of the civil rights movement. On the dreadful day of April 4, 1968, while Martin Luther King was standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was supposed lead a protest march, he was assassinated by James Earl Ray. Martin Luther King Jr. accomplished many things for the rights of African Americans, he emerged as still being a Negro leader. Birmingham in 1963 was a hard place for African Americans to live in. Everything was segregated, from businesses to...
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