Civics

Topics: Al Gore, Vice President of the United States, Bill Clinton Pages: 5 (1755 words) Published: June 12, 2013
CIVICS
CHV2O
COMMUNITY AND THE COMMON GOOD
Using a chart like the one below, define each of the words related to issues in civics and give one example (made up or factual) of an issue related to the definition. TERM | DEFINITION | EXAMPLE |

Community | the peoplewith common interests living in the same area| The DMCI community| Common Good | The good or well-being of an entity such as a company or an association. The concept is that the good of the entire group can be no more than the good of each particular component.| Property Rights| Social trade-off | A technique of reducing or forgoing one or more desirable outcomes in exchange for increasing or obtaining other desirable outcomes in order to maximize the total return or effectiveness under given circumstances.| Work for two years and earn money or pay money to get an advanced degree| Bylaw | A law made by a local government that people in that area must obey| | Citizenship | The legal right of belonging to a particular country| The Canadian Citizenship| Citizen | Someone who legally belongs to a particular country and has rights and responsibilities there, whether they are living there or not| The Canadian citizens| Civics | Civics is the social science of the duties and rights of a citizen| Voting| Culture | The beliefs, way of life, art, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a particular society| The Chinese traditional culture| Artifacts | 1. An object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest: "gold and silver artifacts".| Totems, Clay pots, beads, scrolls, etc.| Rule of law | That individuals, persons and government shall submit to, obey and be regulated by law, and not arbitrary action by an individual or a group of individuals.| The near impeachments of US presidents, the highest executive in America is still subject to justice. | Learning Skills | the acquisition of knowledge or skills through study, experience, or being taught| Independent work, self-regulation, etc.| Civics Literacy | The “rule of law” is a principle of longstanding constitutional value. It is recognized in the preamble of the Constitution Act, 1982, and has been utilized by the courts as important constitutional rhetoric, and also as a doctrine that produced juridical effects in various contexts.| Why/How the U.S.A. was founded as a constitutional democracy| Power | The ability or right to control people or events| Powers of the President in the U.S.A. : The President is the commander of the armed forces. He may also call for the opinion of his cabinet. He may grant reprieves (temporary delays in punishment} and pardons (complete forgiveness of a crime and its punishment).| Autocracy | A system of government in which one person or group has unlimited power| Autocratic leadership is very authoritarian and requires no input from subordinates unless specifically requested - Examples of autocratic leadership - Saudi Arabia, Burma, any military in the World.| Dictatorship | Government by a ruler who has complete power| A PRESENT Dictator: Kim Jong-Il - North Korea| Vote | An act of voting in an election or meeting, or the choice that you make when you vote| A free vote| Democracy | A system of government in which every citizen in the country can vote to elect its government officials| Canada is a typical democratic country| Consensus | Middle ground in decision making, between total assent and total disagreement. Consensus depends on participants having shared values and goals, and on having broad agreement on specific issues and overall direction. Consensus implies that everyone accepts and supports the decision, and understands the reasons for making it.

| general or widespread agreement among all the members of a group, eg. A consensus in the parliament| Government | The group of people who govern a country or state|...
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