Civic and Citizenship Education in Malaysia
IN MALAYSIA SCHOOLS
ABSTRACT “Member States should promote, at every stage of education, an active civic training which will enable every person to gain a knowledge of the method of operation and the work of public institutions, whether local, national or international; and to participate in the cultural life of the community and in public affairs. Wherever possible, this participation should increasingly link education and action to solve problems at the local, national and international levels. Student participation in the organisation of studies and of the educational establishment they are attending should itself be considered a factor in civic education and an important element in international education.” (UNESCO Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-operation and Peace and Education relating to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1974.)
The government of Malaysia has considered the importance of teaching civic education in schools. As a subject called “Civics”, it first appeared in the primary school curricular after the country gained its independence in 1957.
In 2005, Civics and Citizenship Education was introduced as a compulsory subject into the Malaysian school system (KBSR and KBSM). It is important for schools to educate the young generation to be active and participating citizens in this 21st century. This article discusses about the Civic and Citizenship Education implementation in school in Malaysia.
Civics and Citizenship Education was introduced in the school system in Malaysia in stages at the two primary schools (Years 4 to Year 6) and all levels of secondary school (Form 1 to Form 5) for all students from 2005. Indeed Civics subject is not a bam subjects because these subjects ever had been formally taught before implementation of the Integrated Curriculum for Primary Schools (KBSR) since 1982 and Integrated Curriculum for Secondary Schools (ICSS) from
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