City-States vs. Empires
The first civilizations emerged thousands of years ago in a region in the Middle East called Mesopotamia. Around 4000 B.C.E, a group called the Sumerians invaded Mesopotamia and organized their civilization, Sumer, into many city-states. A city-state is a self-governing state that consists of a city and its surrounding territory. Some Sumerian city-states include Kish, Uruk, Lagash, and Ur. In these city-states, the Sumerians would develop a sense of culture and create new systems of writing, government, art, and religion that would impact future civilizations. The Sumerian city-states would soon be conquered by larger empires that wanted more land and wealth. An empire was more advantageous to the people of Mesopotamia because it was easier to defend from invasions, there was a stronger central government, and different products and technology were shared throughout the region. An empire was more beneficial because there was more protection against attacks and invasions. The Sumerian city-states only governed and defended themselves which made them very weak compared to neighboring civilizations. The Sumerian civilization declined when the king of the Akkadian empire, Sargon, conquered the southern Mesopotamian region around 2350 B.C.E. After the Akkadians, the Babylonian empire took control of the region. Since the empires were large, powerful armies were created which prevented the civilization from being attacked. An empire’s army is stronger because there are more people working together and they have the same goal. The city-states didn’t communicate or work together to defeat other civilizations. The more civilizations eliminated, the less of a chance the empire will become a victim. An empire was more benevolent because it provided the people with more protection from neighboring civilizations.
Empires were advantageous because they had strong, stable governments. A government’s main job is to prevent chaos and promote...
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