Essay Evaluation form Sociology 114: Philippine Social System The boxes are ticked to indicate the student’s achievement on different aspects of the overall assessment and should be read in conjunction with the written comments provided Excellent Quality of sociological analysis Relevance of discussion Structure and organization of content Clarity of expression Range of relevant literature used Accuracy of content Use of evidence and illustration Accuracy of referencing Literacy (grammar, writing skills) Good X X Average Pass Fail
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Comments This is a well-written paper. The message is clear and the writing style is easy to follow. The author’s framing of the topic is also worth commending. She is able to illustrate the broad contours of the citizen journalism debate without losing her own voice. Overall, this is a good essay. The paper can be further improved if the author better engaged with Chomsky and Herman’s critique. She only did it in passing and the paper may have been better without this reference. The last sentence of the paper also needs to be better problematized. One of the major critiques against citizen journalism is that it reinforces old hierarchies of class (i.e. those who do not have internet access are still unable to take part) and creates new hierarchies as well (i.e. citizen journalism privileges those who are comfortable using technology).
Final mark 1.25
Date: September 27, 2012
Frances Grace P. Damazo BA Public Administration 2009-08193 firstname.lastname@example.org September 24, 2012 An Empowered and Informed Citizenry: A Look into Citizen Journalism as a Platform for Democracy
THE RISE OF THE SOCIAL MEDIA The introduction of the Internet has significantly changed the way news and information are disseminated. Indeed, the internet has made information readily available and communicating much easier. The changing landscape has affected media in more ways than one. The rise of blogs—which empowers people to voice out their opinions—is an example. Likewise, social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook became instruments in information dissemination. It has enabled ordinary citizens to share and report newsworthy issues. Citizens are no longer passive audiences but they serve as instrumentalities in shaping the news. Because of the internet, citizens are able to take on the role of a journalist. These technological innovations helped redefine the role of mass media in our society. In line with keeping up with these technological advancements, various media companies incorporated new platforms. One of the ways mainstream media makes itself relevant is the introduction of citizen or participatory journalism. “Citizen or participatory journalism is defined as the act of the public to play an ‘active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analysing and disseminating news and information” (Bowman, et.al., 2003) This paper addresses the argument posted by Herman and Chomsky (1988) regarding the role of mass media as “limiting” in the sense that there exist filters that hinder people’s outlets for expression. This paper analyses the role of citizens in journalism and how this type of journalism—called citizen or participatory journalism—has shaped the role of media in society. Whereas before there was a “we write, you read” (Deuze, 2003) dogma which emphasizes the dichotomy between journalists and the readers or audience, the emergence of citizen journalism has somehow blurred the line. The once passive audiences have taken a more active role in information dissemination. On a similar note, this paper aims to look further into the phenomenon of citizen journalism and where it is situated in contrast with mainstream media.
CITIZEN JOURNALISM The term citizen journalism has amassed various meanings. One definition given to it was it is “any effort by people who are not trained or employed as professional journalists to publish news or...
References: Gonda, E. & Ortega, D. R., 2012. I-Scoop, I-Patrol: An Analysis of the News Selection and Publication of News Stories Submitted by Citizen Journalists to TV Patrol 's Bayan Mo, I-Patrol Mo and 24 Oras ' Youscoop. [Online] Available at: http://iskwiki.upd.edu.ph/flipbooks/Iscoop/ [Accessed 17 September 2012]. Lewis, S., Kaufhold, K. & Lasorsa, D., 2009. Thinking about Citizen Journalism: Perspectives on Participatory News Production at Community Newspapers. International Symposium on Online Journalism. Bowman, Shayne., Willis, Chris.,2003.We Media: How audiences are shaping the future of news and information, The Media Center at the American Press Institute . Toraja, M. F., 2012. Strangled Citizens: An Exploratory Study on the Empowerment of Citizen Journalists. [Online] Available at: http://iskwiki.upd.edu.ph/flipbooks/Strangled_1416/ [Accessed 17 September 2012]. Villafuerte, V. A., 2011. Plus Points: The Effect of the Use of You Scoop on the Credibility of the GMA 7 May 2010 Presidential Election Coverage on First-Time Voters. [Online] Available at: http://iskwiki.upd.edu.ph/flipbooks/pluspoints206/ [Accessed 17 September 2012]. Citizen Journalism: A Primer on the definition, risks and benefits and main debates in media communication research. [Online] Available at: http://theopennewsroom.com/ [Accessed 14 September 2012]
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