CIT491 Research Methods In Class Assess

Topics: Discrimination, Critical thinking, Affirmative action / Pages: 3 (623 words) / Published: Dec 13th, 2014
CIT 491 Individual Assessed Activity: Critical thinking – argument analysis Fall 2014

CIT491 Research Methods
Individual Assessed Activity: Critical thinking – argument analysis
Affirmative action or positive discrimination is a policy or a program promoting the representation of a group who have traditionally been discriminated against, (such as an ethnic minority or women) with the aim of creating a more equal society. This typically focuses on education and employment. There is much debate concerning claims that the practice is, in itself, racism; that it fails to achieve its desired goal; and that it has unintended and undesirable side-effects.
Study the following argument and answer the questions below.
(a) Provide a brief analysis of the argument. [4]
(b) Give a critical evaluation of the author’s reasoning, commenting on its strengths and/or weaknesses, and on any assumptions it makes. [6]
When you have completed your answers hand this in to me today. It is worth 5%.

Do two wrongs make a right?
Does the term ‘positive discrimination’ seem a self-contradiction? If so, it is particularly pertinent because that is what ‘affirmative action’ is called in some countries, including the UK. ‘Positive
Discrimination’ quickly gets us to the heart of present-day criticisms of affirmative action – namely that, even given the best of intentions, discrimination based on given characteristics, rather than personal achievement, is both unjust and ineffective.
Given characteristics are traits one is born with and has done nothing to earn.
Achieved characteristics are things earned through individual effort. That is why it is so terribly unfair to discriminate against someone because of their race, gender, age, ethnicity, and so forth. Being held responsible for something one does not control is the height of injustice.
Positive discrimination in effect uses racism to combat racism, sexism to contest sexism. After all, those given characteristics are still the basis for

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