Church: Christianity and Catholic Theology Instructs

Topics: Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church, Christianity Pages: 5 (1831 words) Published: May 10, 2005
The church has influenced various issues in our society. The issues which have been influenced are abortion, divorce, homosexuality, and poverty. But before we look at how these issues were influenced lets first look at some of the aspects of the church.

The churches mass is made up of two parts- the liturgy of the word and the liturgy of the Eucharist for the duration of which the Holy Communion is rejoiced. Mass is the center of worship that Catholics participate in. Catholics are supposed to attend Mass every Sunday and on a small number of important feasts days throughout the year. Mass is a crucial aspect in marriages, funerals, and other Catholic ceremonies and its celebrated every day in the majority of all churches.

The Church also has seven sacraments which are confirmation, baptism, holy orders, Eucharist, penance, matrimony, and the anointing of the sick. Catholic theology instructs that these signs, which are established by Jesus Christ, affect the devout benefit of the partakers autonomous of their faith or virtue of their minister. In matrimony the bride and groom are the ministers of the sacrament of matrimony, not the officiating priest. Marriage is a bond amid which two baptized persons cannot be broken. According to the teachings of the church, the reason for marriage is to promote mutual love and to produce children. It is possible for the church to announce, after careful examinations, that a marriage was invalid from the beginning. Annulment is the Catholic equivalent to a divorce.

Catholics show their piety in other ways besides sacraments and Mass. The rosary of the Virgin Mary is one way. In recent years, the church has made strict obligations to fast and abstain from meat on certain days voluntary. In the U.S., the persistence of Bishops to send children to school managed by the church has been discarded.

The Roman Catholic Church has held strong spots on certain controversial concerns with issues in recent years. With the Rerum Novarum (1891) of Pope Leo XIII, popes have criticized the unfairness of the social and economical incidents brought on by industrial societies and devised remedies for them. They censured nuclear warfare, they constantly implored an end to the arms race, and tried to stop the abuse of poor nations by affluent nations. Additional topics that the Church has been more traditional on are the ban of birth control, liberalized abortion laws, and prevention of women to e ordained as deacons or priests. Minors who have been sexually abused by constituents of the clergy has become an important focus in the U.S. as well as some European nations. In the year 2002, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops endorsed a Charter for the Protection of Young People and Children. However, the Vatican did not support the Charter by claiming impending clashes among the plan's procedures and the laws of the Church. The bishops altered their policies later. In the year 2004, the first major study of child sexual maltreatment in the U.S. church has discovered that from 1950-2002, about four percent, or 4,392 priests, were engaged in committing sexual abuses to more than 10,000 children. Researches also came across that the church has spent $572 million in imbursements to victims, treatment for priests, and legal charges.

Abortion is another controversial subject that has been continually argues over for the past few years and probably many years to come. The main controversy is should abortion be legalized? There are two sides to this abortion topic the Pro-Life which are those who are against abortion and the Pro-Choice or those who believe it is the woman's right to choose if she wants to have an abortion.

Despite the Bible failing to condemn the practice of abortion, it does place great emphasis on the value of life and on the worth of the fetus. Luke 1:42."…Blesses art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb." This statement by Elizabeth might imply that the pre-embryo...
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