| YASSER ARAFAT
(1929 - 2004)
Chronological Order (oldest first)
| Arafat born in Jerusalem.
| Mother dies, moved to Cairo.
| "By 1946, he [Arafat] had become a Palestinian nationalist and was procuring weapons in Egypt to be smuggled into Palestine for the Arab cause." CNN.com, "Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat," 2004
| "In the 1948 war, when he was a student in Cairo, he joined a small group of students who attempted to reach Israel to take part in the fighting. When they reached Gaza, a regular Egyptian army unit disarmed them and prevented them from joining in the hostilities." Dr. Shaul Kimhi, Dr. Shmuel Even, Prof. Jerrold Post, "Yasir ArafatPsychological Profile and Strategic Analysis," The International Policy Institute for Counterterrorism, 2003
| 1951 - 1957
| "Arafat studies engineering at Cairo University and becomes involved with the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood. He organizes and leads the Union of Palestinian Students." Associated Press, "Key Dates in the Life of Yasser Arafat," 2003"In 1956, Arafat and a group of other middle-class Palestinians living in Kuwait decided to rededicate themselves to the liberation of Palestine and formed their own underground guerrilla organization called al-Fatah ('Victory')." Thomas Friedman, "From Beirut to Jerusalem," p. 110, Anchor Books, 1995
| "In 1964 the Arab League did create...the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), but it was under Egyptian control and the armed forces connected with it formed part of the armies of Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq." Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples, p. 412, Warner Books, 1991
| 1967 - 1969
| "The 1967 Arab-Israeli war, which brought humiliating defeat to the Arabs' convential armies, gave Mr Arafat's group [Fatah] a chance to become heroes to Arabs desperately in need of some." Judith Miller, "Arafat Was the Symbol of His People's Longing for Identity," New York Times, Obituary, 11/11/04"Thanks to several courageous confrontations with Israeli troops, arafat's alFatah group achieved the greatest legitimacy among the emerging guerrilla organizations, and this enabled Arafat, in 1969, to wrest control of the PLO away from the discredited Arab states and to turn it into an umbrella organization covering all the Palestinian guerrilla groups, from the far right to the far left...The PLO under Yasir Arafat was the first truly independent Palestinian national movement." Thomas L. Friedman, From Beirut to Jerusalem, p. 111, Anchor Books, 1995
| 1970 - 1971
| "Appointed Commander-in-Chief of the all-Palestinian/Arab guerilla forces in September 1970." PASSIA, "Arafat, Yasser (Abu Amar)", 2003"In Jordan the Palestinian guerrilla organizations created a state within a state that posed a challenge to the rule of King Hussein. The king ordered his army to disarm and break the power of these organizations. In the ensuing civil war thousands of Palestinians were killed, and many more left the country." Avi Shlaim, The Iron Wall, p. 298-299, W.W. Norton & Company, 2001"After the power of the Fatah and other [Palestinian] guerrilla organizations in Jordan was broken in 1970, their main efforts were concentrated in southern Lebanon." Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples, p. 430, Warner Book Edition, 1991
| "[Arafat] agreed to ‘liberate Palestine by stages’ at the PNC [Palestine National Council] conference of 1974; addressed the UN General Assembly in New York for the first time on 13 Nov. 1974, saying he bore an olive branch (for peace) in one hand, and a gun (for war) in the other." PASSIA, "Arafat, Yasser (Abu Amar)", 2003"[U.N.] General Assembly recognizes 'the right of the Palestinian people to sovereignty and national independence' and gives the PLO observer status at the world organization." Associated Press, "Key Dates in the Life of Yasser Arafat," 2003
| "Arafat stood fast to his refusal to acknowledge...
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