top-rated free essay

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Emphysema Indoor Air

By weruzka Aug 18, 2013 649 Words
Emphysema is a lung condition in which tiny air sacs in the lungs-alveoli-fill up with air. As the air continues to build up in these sacs, they expand, and may break or become damaged and form scar tissue. Emphysema is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The main cause of emphysema is long-term, regular tobacco smoking. It may also be caused by marijuana smoking, exposure to air pollutions, factory fumes, and coal and salica dust. I rare cases, a patient may have inherited a defiency of Alpha-1 antitrypsin, a protein that protects the elastic tissue in the lungs. SYMPTOMS

COUGH AND SPUTUM
Cough and coughing up phlegm are the common emphysema symptoms. The two symptoms occur in emphysema case due to inflammation and infection. Coughing up phlegm in the morning after waking up is typically in smokers. The sputum is white and foamy. If complicated by suppurative bacterial infection, the sputum appears yellow, sticky and smells foul-smelling. BREATHING DIFFICULTIES

Patient may experience shortness of breath only when they exercise, go upstairs, climb, do labor and have difficulties breathing when lying down. If emphysema is complicated by an acute attack of bronchitis, the increased inflammatory secretes will block the small airways. Lung ventilation will be further weakened and therefore they feel an increased shortness of breath and chest tightness. END STAGE SYMTOMS

When patients suffer from end stage symptoms they have already been hospitalized: - Weakness, fatigue, dizziness
- cough, expectoration, coughed up blood
- Stomach pain due to gastric mucosal damage stress ulcer of stomach and the resulting bleeding.

SIGNS OF EMPHYSEMA
- barred shaped chest
- decreased respiratory movement
- Distant heart sounds, decreased breath sounds
- Moist rale
- Abnormal heart sounds

HEALTH EFFECTS OF EMPHYSEMA
LUNGS
- Breathing difficulties and prevents adequate oxygen from reaching the bloodstream. HEART
-Increased blood pressure, heart enlargement and hear failure SKIN
- Healing time is almost doubled
- Skin may take on red, grey or yellowish cast
- chapped/dry lips
- Wrinkles around eyes and mouth become prominent

LIFESTYLE FACTORES CONTRIBUTING TO EMPHYSEMA
Indoor air pollution derived from coal burning, cooking fumes, and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) are considered, as are the involvement of general air pollution, diet and nutrients, and history of lung diseases. On the basis of existing data, coal burning, volatile chemicals emitted from cooking oils and a history of lung disease are considered to significantly increase the risk of emphysema.

PREVENTION
Stop smoking- smoking is the leading cause of emphysema and accounts for about 80% of emphysema cases. Most effective way to prevent emphysema is to stop smoking. Limit your exposure to secondhand smoking- being exposed to other peoples cigarette can increase your risk of developing emphysema i.e. ask you housemates not to smoke indoors and avoid smoky locations. Learn about and limit exposure to the environment- Pollutants that cause emphysema: *Study a list of indoor and outdoor pollutants. Learn about various impacts on lung heath. *Use safe wood burning practices. Reduce emissions by using high quality firewood and low-emission stoves. Visit a doctor if you have breathing difficulties. Emphysema is not invisible; a diagnosis will allow you to take immediate action. CONTROLLING EMPHYSEMA

-Quit smoking and limit your exposure to toxic air.
- Maintain a normal weight. Excess weight can cause the heart and lungs to work harder. - Eat a healthy diet of foods that are low in statured fats and rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains - Eating several meals a day eases digestion and makes breathing easier - Take steps to support your body’s immune system and reduce your risk of catching a cold or the flu, both which can impact your lungs. - Begin an exercise regimen. Talk to your doctor about recommendation for adivity levels and restrictions. Exercise helps to build endurance. - Special breathing exercise makes breathing easier by supporting your ability to bring more air into the lungs and forcing trapped air out.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    ...COPD which is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is known as a condition that progressively makes it harder to breathe because the airflow into and out of the lungs is reduced. This usually occurs because the airways and air sacs lose their elastic quality, the walls between the air sacs are destroyed, the walls of the airways become swollen,...

    Read More
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    ...Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Shay Ward Purdue University Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease that encompasses a group of lung conditions that causes structural changes of the airways and alveoli, the dysfunction of cilia and an inflammatory response. It ...

    Read More
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

    ...Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of lung diseases that block airflow and make breathing difficult. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common conditions that make up COPD. Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from your lungs. Emphysema occ...

    Read More
  • 1: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Mm Hg

    ... Case Study R.S. has smoked for many years and has developed chronic bronchitis, a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). He also has a history of coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial vascular disease. His arterial blood gas (ABG) values are pH = 7.32, PaCO2 = 60 mm Hg, PaO2 = 50 mm Hg, HCO3- = 30 mEq/L. His hematocrit is 5...

    Read More
  • Factual Essay About Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    ... CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE [pic] INTRODUCTION Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presents significant challenges to a person's ability to carry out functional tasks and participate in social networks. Such factors are widely recognized as contributing to a person's sense of self identity, health and well-being. (Kerr...

    Read More
  • The Role of Inflammation in the Advancement of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

    ...The Role of inflammation in the advancement of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease. Introduction Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the collective term used for respiratory disease, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The disease develops slowly and is often not diagnosed until it is advanced and irreparable damage...

    Read More
  • HCS 245 week 1 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    ... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Carrie "Shellie" Cobbs University of Phoenix Introduction to Health and Disease HCS 245 Mark Greeder February 16, 2013 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, is a trending disease that is a common lung disease. Smoking is the leading cause of COPD but b...

    Read More
  • Emphysema: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and American Lung Association

    ...other noxious fumes and maintaining a good diet. Even when emphysema causes damage, early diagnosis and treatment can slow the process, ward off complications and improve quality of life. New therapies are on the way, but simple prevention is the best treatment of all. After all, what is more important than preserving the breath of life? (Chron...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.