Christina Kiaer Has Described the Main Aim of the Constructivist Movement as ‘to Mass Produce Transparent Utilitarian Things for Use in Everyday Life’. How Adequate Is This Description?

Powerful Essays
Christina Kiaer has described the main aim of the constructivist movement as ‘to mass produce transparent utilitarian things for use in everyday life’. How adequate is this description?

Constructivism is primarily an art movement that was based in Russia in the early 20th century. It had a considerable link to the Russian Communist Revolution. They merged the arts with modern technological rationalism for political and ideological uses, being essentially a form of Soviet propaganda. The theory of constructivism was a departure from Russian Futurism that sought to break and destroy traditions, but is also derived from Russian Suprematism, Dutch De Stijl and the German Bauhaus. The artists did not believe in abstract ideas, rather they tried to link art with concrete and real ideas. Early modern movements around WWI were idealistic, seeking a new order in art and architecture that dealt with social and economic problems. They wanted to renew the idea that art does not revolve around "fine art", but rather emphasized on "practical art" while combining man and mechanization1. Constructivism was an invention of the Russian avant-garde that found ‘followers’ across the continent. They depicted art that was mostly three dimensional, and they also often portrayed art that could be connected to their Proletarian beliefs. The group of artists and designers involved in constructivism (including Rodchenko, Vesnin, Popova...) had political as well as artistic ambitions. Christina Kiaer has described the main aim of the constructivist movement as “to mass produce transparent utilitarian things for use in everyday life”. We can ask ourselves: how adequate is this description?

We will examine the constructivist’s involvement on Bolshevik public relations campaigns and propaganda and even be seen as a tool for social reform, underlining their role in the revolution; whereas secondly discussing the group 's main aims like to help stimulate industry and



Bibliography: Edwards S., Wood P., Art of the Avant-Gardes: Art of the 20th Century, 2004 Fosnot, Catherine Twomey, Ed Gleason A., MR Richard Stites, Bolshevik Culture: Experiment and Order in the Russian Revolution, 1985 Gough M., The Artist As Producer: Russian Constructivism In Revolution, 2005 Jarzombek M.M., Prakash V., A Global History of Architecture, Tatlin’s Tower, 2011 Kenez P., The Birth of the Propaganda State: Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917-1929, 1985 Kiaer C., The Russian Constructivist Flapper Dress, 2001 Klutsis G., "Worker Men and Women: Everyone Vote in the Soviet Elections" (poster), 1930 Kolli N., “Red Wedge” (sculpture), 1918 Lissitzky E., “Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge” (poster), 1920 Lynton N., Tatlin 's Tower: Monument to Revolution, 2009 Margolin V., The Struggle for Utopia: Rodchenko, Lissitzky, Moholy-Nagy, 1917-1946, 1997 Papadakēs A., Cooke C., The Avant-garde: Russian architecture in the twenties, 1991 Perloff N.L., Reed B., Lissitzky E., Situating El Lissitzky: Vitebsk, Berlin, Moscow, 2003 Rickey G., Constructivism: origins and evolution, 1995 Rodchenko A., “Lengiz - Books in all Branches of Knowledge” (poster), 1925 Shapiro D., Social realism: art as a weapon, 1973

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    2013 Final Essay After reading “Adolescent Room Culture: Studying Media in the Context of Everyday Life” by Jeanne Steele and Jane Brown, study the uses and gratifications of literature. Have a look at your life. Where do practice and theory seem to match up, and where do they pass like ships in the night? Keep a “media uses and gratifications” diary for you and your family or friends for a week. Use the diary as raw material for your study. Organize the diary to deliver information about questions…

    • 2838 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 685 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Hannah Lee February 14, 2013 English 185 Rough Draft Rough Draft “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker uses different characters to explore the shift in values of women’s role in society. As Wangero’s change of culture and appearance forms into a strange being that sticks out from the simple life of Mama and Maggie, it becomes clear how time and space transforms one’s family values as well. The opposition causes Wangero to lose her identity and place in the family; therefore, Walker’s usage of first…

    • 685 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 621 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Story Analysis: Everyday Use by Alice Walker (602 Words) In the story, "Everyday Use", author Alice Walker uses everyday objects, which are described in the story with some detail, and the reactions of the main characters to these objects, to contrast the simple and practical with the stylish and faddish. Walker's main writing power seems to be description and imagery along with a little flashback every now and then. Flashback played a bug role because with every event in the story, the reader…

    • 621 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 1938 Words
    • 8 Pages

    AND CHARACTERIZATION IN “EVERYDAY USE” Introduction: A.“Everyday Use” is a poignant narrative that describes the relationship between family members through creative symbolism and fine characterization. B. Through symbolism and characterization, Walker teaches a moral lesson about heritage, identity, and the role of the two in the lives of the characters and audience. C. In order to understand the complicated message that Walker is submitting through this story, it is important…

    • 1938 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Use of Paralanguage and Kinesics in Everyday Life The use of kinesics and paralanguage in everyday life is the most prominent use of persuasion we use subconsciously. They are used subconsciously because you may not know what they mean. Which can cause cultural tension if you do something that may seem harmless to you but may be a great insult to another culture. Paralanguage has many forms such as whistling which can be used by many people as a means of entertaining by whistling a song or…

    • 2265 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Use of Computers in Everyday Life: Undoubtedly we can say that modern world will be incomplete without computers and their applications. Undoubtedly we can say that modern world will be incomplete without computers and their applications. It has become so common in our daily lives that it is almost impossible to imagine life without the use of computers. We get all the modern facilities; thanks to the invention of Computers! Right from watching movies, listening to music, playing games…

    • 563 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 393 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Everyday Use Summary Alice Walker's modern classic "Everyday Use" tells the story of a mother and her two daughters' conflicting ideas about their identities and ancestry. The mother narrates the story of the day one daughter, Dee, visits from college and clashes with the other daughter, Maggie, over the possession of some heirloom quilts. Why isn't Everyday Use by Alice Walker told by Dee? Answers Dee does not tell the story of Everyday Use because she (and Maggie) is used by…

    • 393 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages

    should judge this based on several factors: Which character do we spend the most time with? Which character is telling the story (probably it is her story, then)? Which character changes, if one does? Which character are we left to focus on at the end of the story? When the same character is the answer to most or all of the above questions, that character is probably the protagonist. 2. Unlike "Cathedral," this story has an antagonist. Who? How is she antagonistic? This character has many admirable…

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 401 Words
    • 2 Pages

    In the story Everyday Use by Amy Walker, Dee is a frequent trendsetter who believes she knows it all, but fails to know her own self. When Dee visits from college to visit her family, she surprises them in a bright African-themed dress, golden bangles and earrings, and a large new hair. However, this new look is only for physical display, intended to show others that she is in touch with her heritage – something, that for many, does not have to be physically seen to be justified. This new look only…

    • 401 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Everyday Use

    • 832 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Omar Jimenez Advanced English 10 11/27/09 Everyday Use The short story “Everyday Use”, by Alice walker, begins with a family of three: Maggie, Dee, and “Mama”(there mother). The author never reveals her actual name. However Dee being old enough to attend college leaves off to college. When she comes back from college, she begins to express herself in different ways, a way that is more liberal. By the authors description she is dressed differently, she talks differently, she even changed…

    • 832 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays