3. History (origin, development, how they spread,life of jesus) 4. Founder
6. Beliefs and symbols
7. Ethnical teaching
8. Festivals and Holy Places
Christianity at a glance
Christianity is the most popular religion in the world with over 2 billion adherents. 42 million Britons see themselves as nominally Christian, and there are 6 million who are actively practising. * Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah promised in theOld Testament. * Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. * Christians believe that God sent his Son to earth to save humanity from the consequences of its sins. * One of the most important concepts in Christianity is that of Jesus giving his life on the Cross (the Crucifixion) and rising from the dead on the third day (the Resurrection). * Christians believe that there is only one God, but that there are three elements to this one God: * God the Father
* God the Son
* The Holy Spirit
* Christians worship in churches.
* Their spiritual leaders are called priests or ministers. * The Christian holy book is the Bible, and consists of the Old and New Testaments. * Christian holy days such as Easter and Christmas are important milestones in the Western secular calendar
The Assumption of Mary
Assumption of the Virgin by Antoine Sallaert (1585–1650) © Roman Catholics believe the doctrine of the Assumption, which teaches that at the end of her life, Mary, the mother of Christ, was taken body and soul (i.e. both physically and spiritually) into heaven to live with her son (Jesus Christ) for ever. Human beings have to wait until the end of time for their bodily resurrection, but Mary's body was able to go straight to heaven because her soul hadn't been tainted byoriginal sin. Catholics celebrate the Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary on August 15th each year. Eastern Orthodox Christians, following the Julian calendar, mark the event as the Feast of the Dormition of the Theotokos, or the Dormition of the the Most Holy Mother of God on 28th August. Top
Catholic and Protestant views
This is an ancient teaching, first found in the 5th century, but it remains controversial to Protestants because it is not explicitly referred to in the Bible. The Roman Catholic Church bases the doctrine on other valid authority. A report in 2005 by Anglican and Roman Catholic theologians found common ground (but not common authority) for belief in the Assumption: ...we can affirm together the teaching that God has taken the Blessed Virgin Mary in the fullness of her person into his glory as consonant with Scripture and that it can, indeed, only be understood in the light of Scripture. Roman Catholics can recognize that this teaching about Mary is contained in the dogma. 2005 report by Anglican and Roman Catholic theologians
Doctrine first proclaimed
The doctrine of the Assumption was proclaimed as infallible byPope Pius XII on All Saints Day 1950 in the bull (formal proclamation) Munificentissimus Deus. We pronounce, declare, and define it to be a divinely revealed dogma: that the Immaculate Mother of God, the ever Virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory. Pope Pius XII, Munificentissimus Deus, 1950
This made it an important article of faith for Roman Catholics. This was only the second time that a Pope had proclaimed a doctrine to be infallible. The first was the Immaculate Conception, another doctrine that concerns Mary. The Pope justified the Assumption not on Biblical authority but largely on: * the "universal consensus of the Church"
* the theological "suitability" of the doctrine
Universal consensus of the Church
The "universal consensus of the Church" means that what the Church as a whole teaches and believes must be...
References: Assumption of the Virgin by Antoine Sallaert (1585–1650) ©
Roman Catholics believe the doctrine of the Assumption, which teaches that at the end of her life, Mary, the mother of Christ, was taken body and soul (i.e
Pope Pius XII, Munificentissimus Deus, 1950
This made it an important article of faith for Roman Catholics.
The Immaculate Conception
The Immaculate Conception, orSoult, by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (1618-1682) ©
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