Chlamydia

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Decreasing Chlamydia Infections

Cassandra Robbins

Bryant & Stratton: Online

Decreasing Chlamydia Infections
Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States (CDC, 2010). It is transmitted through many different routes, such as; vaginal, anal, oral sex, and from mother to baby. Because the cervix of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured and is probably more susceptible to infection, they are at a particularly high risk for infection if sexually active (CDC, 2010). An objective of Healthy People 2020 is to reduce the proportion of adolescents and young adults with chlamydia trachomatis infections, among females aged 15-24 years attending family planning clinics (HHS, Healthy People 2020, 2011). This paper will discuss statistics, as well as information on screening, and obtaining access to screening within New York State.
National, State, and Local Statistics

In 2010, a total of 1,307,893 chlamydial infections were reported to CDC in 50 states and the District of Columbia. This case count corresponds to a rate of 426.0 cases per 100,000 population, which is an increase of 5.1% compared with the rate of 405.3 in 2009. (CDC, 2010). In New York alone based on the data from the Center for Disease Control the rate of chlamydia in the year 2010 was 511 per 100,000. In the year 2008 Madison County, New York reported 110 cases of chlamydia (Madison County, NY, 2008). Based on the numbers shown, Madison County New York has a lower rate of chlamydia compared to State and National statistics.
Behavior Change and Health Belief Model The health belief model stipulates that a person 's health-related behavior depends on the person 's perception of four critical areas: the severity of a potential illness, the person 's susceptibility to that illness, the benefits of taking a preventive action, and the barriers to taking that action (Grizzell, 2007). Untreated STDs can lead to serious



References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010, September 3). Chlamydia. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010a). About the Division of STD Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/dstdp/ New York State Department of Health 2004-2008 Communicable Disease Status. (2008). In Madison County Department of Health. Retrieved April 06, 2013, from http://www.healthymadisoncounty.org/linkeddocs/data/

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