Assignment Title: students and part time work
By: Ke Ma
Intensive English Programme
Lecturers: Christopher Lowe, Lorraine Mighty, James Brown, Julia Clifford. University College Birmingham
Words:1186 (without references)
This essay will consider the meaning of part time jobs and the behavior of students who are working while studying. Attention is directed to find the relationship between the career achievements relate to part time work and it’s impact on scholarly engagement and on student’s health and academic performance. By focusing on the back ground of part -time work, and the reaction of part-time student’s family and school, and correlates of the paid work intensity of adolescent students. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the disadvantages of students who doing part-time jobs and to examine the advantages of part time working, and to discuss what problems can be caused by part-time work.
There are reasons to believe that more and more students are now working part time during their study. According to a research by McNeish and John McColl（2005), there are 50% of undergraduate students has part-time job and a number of them work for 14 hours a week. By compare student’s health to their sex-and age-related norms for the general population, it can be defined that seven of the eight of hearth measured will significantly pooler than those of the general population. “Both the part time working and being in debt have a detrimental effect on both mental and physical health of students. Although, part time job is an integral area for most students’ life. Similar to the most literature on family, peer and school contexts, it note that little scholarly caused by paying employment by given to the outcomes of adolescent.”
“The experience of adolescent student part time work including tasks and responsibilities, rewards, workplaces relationships, and the meaning of these experiences, take fundamentally different forms in distinct historical, sociocultural, institutional, and social class contexts.” (Shanahan 2002. P.538). In Shananhan’s research, students’ part-time works for development are far from uniform. There are concerns about students’ part-time work and the appropriate balance between studying and working, before the 20th century, kids prepared themselves by making a contribution to their family. In the USA, when reaching at the age of 21, young boys began to shoulder the responsibility by helping their families issue. “Children work in their own households or were placed as apprentices at about age 14, often in the house of relatives or neighbors” (Graff 1995.P 539). After the age of 14, many young people concentrated on work. In a report named Youth of the President’s Science Advisory Committee (Panel on Youth, 1974), it is recommended that “ both schools and employer are lie to students to promote them exposure to the “real” work by setting and helping them to become mentor and guide their vocational explorations. ”At the year 1991, the numbers of part time job students are subsequent growth, most of them are female, and when asked, the part-time student worker will say they work for money, moreover, their parents are believe that they children know how to spent their owning and they have the right to spend money as well.
Still, part-time working students’ parents think that part time jobs can have a far-reaching impact on their children; by putting those into contact with part time work can get many benefits. However, contrary most parent view, some educator suggest that adolescent students employment in the part time job should discourage because it lead to a wide variety of problem about young student from attending and achieving in school.
Those problems can be attributed in to two ways: similar working knowledge with school’s and part time job’s paid work intensity. Most students who have part-time jobs put more attention on their working then studying. Apparently, when a student learn...
References: Graff, H.J. (1995).Conflicting paths: Growing up in America. Cambriges, MA: Harvard University Press.
Greenberger, E., & Steinberg, L. (1986). When teenager work. New York: Basic Books.
McMorris, B.J., &Uggen, C. (2002). Alcohol and employment in the transition to adulthood. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 41, 276-294.
Mortimer, J. T., & Kruger H. (2002). Pathways from school to work in Germany and the United States. In M. Halliana (ED), Handbook of sociology of education (pp. 475-497). New York: Kliwer Academic/Plenum.
Shananhan, M. J., & Elder, G. H., Burchinal, M., &Conger, R.D. (1996). Adolescent paid labor and relationship with parents: Early work-family linkages. Child Development, 67, 2183-2200.
Shananhan, M. J., &Kurger, H.(2002). Adolescence and adult work in the Twenty-first century. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 99-120.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document