Chinese Immigrant Employment Barriers
Canada is one of the most diverse and multicultural countries in the world. Home to 32 million people, Canada portrays a vast amount of cultural, ethnic, and linguistic diversity.1 Of this 32 million that reside, approximately 200,000 come in a year from all over the world in search of better life and a home that provides peace and safety that they may not be able to achieve in other countries.2 Canada reflects a welcoming society that helps newcomers with social and economic needs in order to settle down and be successful. It allows people to become a Canadian but still practice their own beliefs and traditions so that they do not have to completely adapt to a new identity and can still keep their own. All these factors act as pull factors for immigrants coming in, however, once they do arrive their life does not appear to be the way they expected it to be. In this globalizing economy, Canada is one of many countries looking to increase their economic efficiency in order to keep up with the rest of the world. Therefore, not all that is promised is delivered due to the fact that the advancement of its economy is the number one priority. This situation affects many newcomers from various parts of the world including Chinese immigrants, who come to Canada for reasons such as better job opportunities and better living standard. Although there are a number of programs such as the Canadian Immigration Integration Program that helps immigrants find jobs within the Canadian Labour market, globalization has created significant employment barriers for Chinese immigrants through policies such as the Canadian Immigration Policy, as they have to battle with factors including the lack of Canadian work experience, education and language barriers, and failed recognition of foreign credentials. Newcomers such as Chinese immigrants arrive to Canada with preconceived notions of what the new world has in store for them and upon arrival experience great disappointment based on factors they would have never expected. Globalization refers to the rise in trade and capital market flows between and among nations in a sustained and rapid manner.3 There are a number of factors that have contributed to the advancement of globalization in Canada. “The highly competitive Canadian job market revolves around on a number of factors such as advances in communication technology, reductions in the prices of transportation, and changes in political, economic and social conditions, and trends, at the national and international levels.”4 Since transportation costs have reduced dramatically, this resulted in an expansion of both the range of goods that can be exchanged and also allowed a greater distance over which they can be profitably traded. There have been advances in information and communication technologies, which created a radical change in how commerce is conducted as well as the globalization of economic activity.5 As the costs of these technologies declined, the Canadian economy has been able to spread their activities on a greater global scale. Due to the broadened market, there is now vigorous competition leading to greater innovation and an increase in productivity. This results in greater economic efficiency, which means higher-quality products available at lower prices. “However, intense global competition also requires adjustment to new dynamics, and often a relentless restructuring of productive activity to reflect changing competitive realities.”6 Due to globalization, it is very common for Canadians to work overseas, as well as common for people to relocate to Canada for employment. “Currently, approximately 200 million people live outside of their country of origin.”7 This is where the problems start for immigrants, such as the Chinese, who have come a long way in hopes of new job opportunities but are not always receiving what they are promised due to the rapidly changing global economy. According...
Cited: "Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration." Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2006a). http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/annual-report2006/section3.asp (accessed March 20, 2014).
Bolaria, B. Singh, and Sean P. Hier. Race and racism in 21st-century Canada: continuity, complexity, and change. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2007.
"Canada in a Global Context." Competition Policy Review Panel. http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cprp-gepmc.nsf/eng/00013.html (accessed March 20, 2014).
"Canada 's Commitment to Cultural Diversity." Canadian Heritage. www.pch.gc.ca/eng/1332871836953/1332872826975 (accessed March 25, 2014).
Con, Harry, and Edgar Wickberg. From China to Canada: a history of the Chinese communities in Canada. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd, 1982.
Guo, Shibao, and Don J. DeVoretz. The changing faces of Chinese immigrants in Canada. Burnaby, B.C.: Vancouver Centre of Excellence, 2005.
"How CIIP Makes a Difference." What is CIIP. http://www.newcomersuccess.ca/index.php/about-ciip/how-ciip-makes-a-difference?lang=en-GB (accessed March 25, 2014).
Li, P.. "Earning Disparities between Immigrants and Native-born Canadians." Canadian Review of Sociology 37, no. 3 (2000): 289-311.
Ruddick, E. (2003) Immigrant economic performance, Canadian Issues 5.
Tan, Jin, and Patricia Roy
Wang, Shuguang, and Lucia Lo. Chinese immigrants in Canada their changing composition and economic performance. Toronto, Ont.: Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement, 2004.
Zong, Li.. Structural and psychological dimensions of racism: towards an alternative perspective.. n.c: Canadian Ethic Studies, 1994.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document