Chinese cross-talk

Topics: Qing Dynasty, Xiangsheng, Performance Pages: 4 (1843 words) Published: August 5, 2014
Xiangsheng is one of the most popular and influential types of quyi. It can be said that nobody in China does not know and like it. it is humorous and highly satirical by nature. Though similar performance had been popular for centuries, it was only in the reign of Emperor Xianfeng of the Qing Dynasty (1851 -1861 ) that XiangSheng became established as an independent art form. The first XiangShap artists were Zhang Sanlu and Zhu Shaowen, the latter's stage name being Qiong Bupa. He used to perform in the entertainment quarter of Beijing known as Tianqiao. He always began with a ragged verse which started and ended with the same word (something like a palindrome phrase). Then he imitated the street hawkers' peculiar cries and sang some ancient songs. As the audience grew, he started his proper xiangsheng item. His stage name originated from a poem inscribed on a pair of bamboo clappers (a kind of percussion instrument), which he had used- The words on the clapper were, "Eating by begging from many houses and sleeping in ancient temples. Never do anything against the law, and don't be afraid of seeing the emperor." Zhu's four apprentices all had stage names in a similar style. Zhu and his two contemporaries, A Yantao and Shen Chunhe formed the earliest three big categories of Xiangsheng artists who passed on their skills to their disciples. After over a century's development, xiang art has ushered in its eighth generation of artists. Since the late Qing Dynasty and the early years of the Republic, xiangsheng art has made great advances in content and skills, and representative artists have emerged in different periods. For instance, in the late Qing period a group of artists whose names all contained the character "de', were Yu Delong, jiao Dehai, Zhou Deshan, and others. People called them the Eight "Des" of xiangsheng There were Li Dexi with the stage name of Wan Renmi and Zhang Shouchg art, in the period of the Republic. After the founding of New China...
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