China’s Legalism Philosophy
I will be discussing the history of Legalism in China and its effect and influence on China’s culture. Legalism is a philosophy that’s base on the principal and practice of promoting strict and total legal control over a society which is imposed by force. Legalism was founded by Hanfeizi and Li Si which they developed from the vision of their Master Xunzi. Xunzi was a Confucian scholar that realized “human are by nature brutal and selfish, and that their behavior must be control by strong laws and institutions.” (Judge/Langdon) Li Si was the driving force behind the success of Legalism and the birth of the empire under the Qin Dynasty which produce China’s First Emperor. Legalism can be described or view as Totalitarianism of today, both regimes is basically alike. both regimes were basically alikeboth regimes were basically alikeboth regimes were basically alikeboth regimes were basically alikeboth regimes were basically aliBoth use the system of force and fear of a highly centralized government in which one person, political party or group takes control and grants neither recognition nor tolerance to other rulers or political groups. Legalism may be seen as to inhumane to many because of all the killings the use of force labor. However, Legalism was a very successful philosophy that did provided China with stability. There were numerous achievements accomplished for China under the reign of the First Emperor. He created “provinces and districts headed by officials selected for their talent and loyalty.” (J/L) He was also responsible for building a complex irrigation system and rebuilding and extending what is now known as the Great Wall of China. The First Emperor “standardized the written language and laws, coins and taxes weights and measurements, and even the width of roads and axle width of carts.” (J/L) The Legalist idea that the ruler must have complete power and the ability to enforce the law was the correct...
References: SCHNEIDER, H. (2011). LEGALISM: CHINESE-STYLE CONSTITUTIONALISM?. Journal Of Chinese Philosophy, 38(1), 46-63. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6253.2010.01630.x
Ming-Tak, H. (2007). The Influence of Classic Chinese Philosophy of Confucianism, Taoism and Legalism on Classroom Discipline in Hong Kong Junior Secondary Schools. Pastoral Care In Education, 25(2), 38-45. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0122.2007.00406.x
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