China's Foreign Policy and the United States
Foreign policy between the United States and China has never been smooth sailing. The relationship started off rocky with events such as the Peoples Republic and Tiananmen Square massacre and evolved into China being our biggest creditor and largest holder of U.S. debt (Alessi, Carin, and Zissis Pg. 1). Even though the United States aims for a strong, mutually enabling relationship with China, we are more realistically faced with a parasitic relationship, with China as the host. The United States and China have a very rocky relationship today, due to their harsh past. China’s and America’s first interactions occurred in 1949, involving the People’s Republic of China. It was under Mao Zedong’s rule post communisms defeat of a nationalist government, which caused Chiang and his troops to flee to Taiwan. The United States supported Chiang’s exiled republic of China’s government in Taipei, setting the stage for a very complicated relationship with China (Alessi, Carin, and Zissis pg. 1). Post Peoples Republic of China, the Tiananmen Square Massacre occurred. In 1985, Chinese students protest for a democratic government ending in Communist China sending troops to clear the square, leaving many dead (Alessi, Carin, and Zissis Pg. 10). The United States responds by suspending sales to Beijing and freezing their relationship with China. Then, in 1999, Nato “accidentally” bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. China immediately forgave the United States, but it’s citizens not so much. This was followed by the U.S. China relations act of 2000, which lead to China becoming America’s second biggest trade partner in 2006. Between 1980 and 2004, United States and China trade goes from $5 billion to $231 billion, a total increase of $226 billion in 24 years (Alessi, Carin, and Zissis pgs. 13 & 16).
Our government works very hard to obtain a “positive, cooperative, and comprehensive” relationship with China (U.S. Relations With China Para. 1). According to our government, this
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"The People 's Republic of China." Office of the United States Trade Representative.
N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
Zissis, Carin, and Christopher Alessi. "U.S. Relations with China (1949 - Present)." 21
May 2012. Council on Foreign Relations. Jan 2014.